reglas del uso de la forma comparativa y superlativa y el presente perfecto.

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Rocket clouds
reglas del uso de la forma comparativa y superlativa y el presente perfecto. by Mind Map: reglas del uso de la forma comparativa y superlativa y el presente perfecto.

1. comparative form

1.1. They are used in English to compare differences between the two objects to which they are modified.

1.2. It is used in sentences where we compare two names, as follows: Name (subject) + verb + adjective in comparative degree + than + name (object).

2. superlative form

2.1. The superlative is used to describe an object that is at the upper or lower end of a quality

2.2. forma superlativa

2.2.1. The superlative is used to describe an object that is at the upper or lower end of a quality

3. Types of superlative forms

3.1. irregular

3.1.1. Refer to words that can not be added the suffix "er" to compare or the suffix "est" to form the superlative.

3.1.1.1. • This job is good for me = Este trabajo es bueno para mí. • This job is better than the other one = Este trabajo es mejor que el otro. • This job is the best = Este trabajo es el mejor

3.2. regular

3.2.1. We must add the suffix "est" at the end of the word

3.2.1.1. • He is the smartest boy in the class = Él es el niño más inteligente de la clase. • They are the fastest runners in the world = Ellos son los corredores más rápidos del mundo.

4. In English, most adjectives are added an 'er' at the end to form the comparative and 'est' to form the superlative.

5. present perfect

5.1. To form the perfect present, the auxiliary verb "to have" is used in the present and the past participle of the verb. For regular verbs, the past participle is the simple form of the past. See the simple past lesson for more information on how to form the past

5.1.1. I have worked (Yo he trabajado) You have worked (Tú has trabajado) He has worked (Él ha trabajado) She has worked (Ella ha trabajado) It has worked (Eso ha trabajado) We have worked (Nosotros hemos trabajado) You have worked (Usted ha trabajado)

5.2. The perfect present is used to describe an experience. We do not use it for specific actions.