Utopia- Thomas More

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Utopia- Thomas More by Mind Map: Utopia- Thomas More

1. Overview

1.1. Thomas More's Utopia is a Christian-humanist view of an ideal society

1.2. More does not simply offer a theoretical view, but provides specifics for how to create this world

1.3. Utopia offers a Christianized form of Plato's Republic

2. Christian Synthesis

2.1. The Christian aspect of the synthesis is Christ's gospel of caring for the poor, the oppressed and the downtrodden

2.2. The Platonic, Republican tradition is the Greek aspect of the synthesis

2.3. More wrote Utopia with a comedic tone, allowing him to speak his truth while telling a deeper story

3. Humor and Parody

3.1. Utopia means "nowhere" which is More saying that this place can never exist

3.1.1. New node

3.2. The local political system is called a Sty, which is More calling all the people in Great Britain pigs

4. Property and its Effect on Society

4.1. No private ownership of anything

4.2. Goods are stored in warehouses where people could request what they needed

4.3. No locks on doors and houses are rotated between people every ten years to avoid attachment

5. Working Life

5.1. Agriculture is the most important job and every person spends at least two years in the countryside working and farming with men and women doing equal work

5.2. Besides that, people must learn at least one trade that will benefit society such as weaving, carpentry, and masonry.

5.3. All able-bodied people must participate in the work for at least six hours per day unless they wish to do more

5.4. No dressmakers because everyone wears the same simple clothing so as to disregard any social classes

6. Slavery

6.1. 2 slaves per household

6.2. Slaves are either from foreign countries or criminals within Utopia

6.3. Slaves can be released based on good behavior

7. Government

7.1. 54 towns and a total of 6000 households

7.2. Every thirty households is grouped together and controlled by a Syphograntus ("Styward")

7.3. Every ten Stywards is watched over by a Traniborus ("Bencheater")

7.4. Each town elects a mayor from the Bencheaters

8. Utopia as a Social Critique of Britain

8.1. It focused on a sort of communism and portrayed More's pride in communal service and a simpler society that is easier to understand

8.2. This is the complete opposite of Britain during More's time, which was a monarchy with social classes that were very difficult to move between. You either had money or you did not; nothing was communal and everyone was trying to survive

9. Happiness in Utopia

9.1. The freedom in Utopia could possibly bring happiness: freedom to worship and believe whatever one wants, freedom to marry and divorce, freedom to work as long as you want after you have completed six hours, and just a general sense of family and connection which brings peace and avoids conflict that could create unhappiness.

9.1.1. New node

9.2. With all the free time allowed and nothing else to do, most people would study and educate themselves; thus, knowledge brings happiness

10. Religion

10.1. There was freedom to any religion in Utopia and they were all tolerant of each other

10.2. The only belief that was heavily frowned upon was atheism. It was believed that atheists could not be trusted because without a god, they would have no morals. Though they were allowed to live in Utopia, no one really liked them

11. New node

12. New node