Thomas Moore - Utopia

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Thomas Moore - Utopia by Mind Map: Thomas Moore - Utopia

1. Overview

1.1. Thomas Moore's Utopia is a Christian-humanist view of an ideal society.

1.2. Moore does not simply offer a theoretical view, but provides specifics for how to create this world.

1.3. Utopia offers a Christianized form of Plato's Republic.

2. Utopia - The Last Great Christian Synthesis of the Renaissance

2.1. The Christian aspect of the synthesis is Christ's gospel of caring for the poor, the oppressed and the downtrodden.

2.2. The Platonic, Republican tradition is the Greek aspect of the synthesis.

2.3. Moore wrote Utopia with a comedic tone, allowing him to speak his truth while telling a deeper story.

3. Eight Themes of Moore's Utopianism

3.1. How does Utopia use humor and parody?

3.1.1. The title Utopia means nowhere.

3.1.2. Each community government group is called a sty. (Pigs live in stys!)

3.2. How is property divided in Utopia? How does this affect society?

3.2.1. There is no private ownership!

3.2.2. People don't own property, but are given it by the government. They can only stay on a piece of land for 10 years before they have to move.

3.3. What is working life like in Utopia?

3.3.1. Every citizen, man or woman, must learn farming for two years. In addition, they must learn at least one of the essential trades.

3.4. Why does Utopia use slavery?

3.4.1. Slaves are from other countries, or are criminals. They are weighed down in gold. This makes gold undesirable to the people because it is associated with criminals!

3.5. What is the government like in Utopia?

3.5.1. As for the government in Utopia, it is a welfare state with free hospitals, euthanasia permissible by the state, priests allowed to marry, divorce permitted, premarital sex punished by a lifetime of enforced celibacy and adultery being punished by enslavement. Meals are taken in community dining halls and the job of feeding the population is given to a different household in turn. All religions are permitted and tolerated, except for Atheism.

3.6. How is Utopia a social critique of Great Britain?

3.6.1. It critiques the overcomplicated nature of English society, the decadence of it all.

3.7. How do people in Utopia find happiness?

3.7.1. By going with the flow, following along, and avoiding resistance/rebellion. By living a simple, common life. By focusing on the community and not on the individual. (Communism)