Teaching Speaking

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Teaching Speaking by Mind Map: Teaching Speaking

1. #3 Talk as Performance

1.1. Features:

1.1.1. ● transmit information in front of/ before audiences ● has a focus on both message and audience ● form and language accuracy is essential ● sounds like a written language ● often monologic

1.2. Suitable activities:

1.2.1. ● public speaking ● stand up comedy ●TED talks ● making speeches ● story-telling/ sharing

1.3. Implications in ESL Classroom

1.3.1. ● can be taught by providing examples or models of speeches, oral presentations, videos etc.

2. #2 Talk as Transaction

2.1. Features:

2.1.1. ● has a main information focus ● the message is the primary focal point ● speaker needs to make themselves understood ● there will be questions, repetitions, and comprehension checks

2.2. Suitable activities:

2.2.1. ● asking for time ● checking in a hotel room ● acquiring help ● role-playing

2.3. Implications in ESL Classroom

2.3.1. ● can be taught by providing sources for practicing how to use talk for sharing and obtaining information

2.4. Implications in ESL Classroom

3. #1 Talk as Interaction

3.1. Features:

3.1.1. ● has a specific social function ● can be formal, or non-formal ● conversational conventions ● both speakers play a role ● has a certain degree of politeness

3.2. Suitable Activities:

3.2.1. ● taking turns to talk ● engaging in small talks ● recounting personal incidents and experiences ● reacting to what others say ● interrupting

3.3. Implications in ESL Classroom

3.3.1. ● can be taught through providing examples in naturalistic dialogues