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Assessments by Mind Map: Assessments

1. A process of gathering measurements that reflects student learning and instructional practices

1.1. Guide for teachers to improve teaching style or lesson material

2. Formative Assessments

2.1. Gathers evidence of student learning

2.1.1. Can be used to adjust instruction strategies to enhance student achievement

2.1.1.1. It's a continuing circular process and provides feedback

2.1.2. Teacher-student interaction

2.2. Cycle includes: gathering evidence of learning-evaluate evidence-feedback-adjust instruction

2.2.1. Assessments provide effective feedback, engage students, differentiate based on student needs, and feedback provided is on the student work not the student.

2.3. Examples: discussions, quizzes, observations

2.3.1. Informal Assessments

2.3.1.1. Examples: observations and questioning

2.3.1.2. These types of assessments are spontaneous

2.3.1.3. Teacher provides immediate feedback and instructional adjustments

2.3.2. Formal Assessments

2.3.2.1. Planned activities like individual or group

2.3.2.2. There is a specific sequence of activities

2.3.2.3. Pre-Assessments

2.3.2.4. Examples: structured exercises, pretests, homework, in-class assignments and quizzes

3. Summative Assessments

3.1. Planning

3.1.1. End of a large chunk of learning

3.1.2. Review of what you want to do

3.1.3. Criteria for ensuring high-quality assessments

3.1.4. Representative sampling

3.2. Preparing students-assessment taking skills

3.2.1. Teach assessment taking skills

3.2.2. Prepare students for the test length, format, types of questions

3.2.3. Review material that will be covered

3.2.4. Testing anxiety

3.3. Conducting Assessments

3.3.1. When should they be scheduled and created?

3.3.1.1. Creating

3.3.1.1.1. Assessment directions

3.3.1.1.2. Arrange items

3.3.1.1.3. Test layout

3.3.1.2. Scheduling

3.3.1.2.1. Look at school and unit calendars

3.3.1.2.2. Look at grading timelines and report card deadlines

3.4. Examples: standardized testing, final exams, major cumulative projects, research projects

3.4.1. Question Types: multiple choice, matching sequencing, true/false, yes/no, short answer, fill in the blank, HOT short answers, essay

3.4.2. Delivery Types: paper/pencil, online, computer adaptive testing

3.4.3. Scoring Types: human, distributed, automated, rubric, checklists

4. Performance Assessments

4.1. Projects

4.1.1. Group or individual projects to measure learning and see if students can apply material

4.2. Portfolios

4.2.1. Record of student work

4.3. Student Logs

4.3.1. These are be where students keep track of their learning and mark down items they need to reference again

4.4. Journals

4.4.1. Where students take notes over lesson

4.4.2. Can be used as a tool to study and reference for projects/assignments

4.5. Performance assessments measures student achievement during a unit or lesson and measures students ability to apply knowledge

5. Interim/Benchmarked Assessments

5.1. Type of formative assessment

5.2. Periodic testing throughout year

5.2.1. Every 6 weeks or chapter tests

5.3. Little to no student feedback

5.4. These are more formal styles that include projects, written assignments, and tests

6. Diagnostic Assessments

6.1. Purpose is to measure students' strengths, weaknesses, knowledge, and skills

6.2. Examples: MAP tests, career tests, aptitude tests

6.3. This type of assessment allows for the teacher to plan instruction based on student needs and classroom demographics to meet each learner's unique style