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Assessments by Mind Map: Assessments

1. Formative

1.1. Definition

1.1.1. process of gathering evidence of student learning

1.1.2. providing feedback

1.1.3. adjusting instruction strategy to enhance achievment

1.1.4. learners can change behavior

1.1.5. Ex: discussions, quizzes

1.2. Assessment Cycle

1.2.1. gather evidence of learning

1.2.2. evaluate evidence

1.2.3. feedback

1.2.4. adjust instruction

1.3. Characteristics

1.3.1. evidence of student learning

1.3.2. structure

1.3.3. participants involved feedback

1.3.4. instruction adjustments

1.3.5. teacher student interaction

1.3.5.1. student-self assessment

1.3.6. attributions for success

1.4. Informal

1.4.1. informal observations

1.4.2. questioning

1.4.3. spontaneous

1.4.4. immediate feedback and instructional adjustments

1.5. Formal

1.5.1. planned activity

1.5.1.1. individuals or groups

1.5.2. specific sequence of activities

1.5.3. 6 types

1.5.3.1. structured exercises

1.5.3.2. pre-tests

1.5.3.3. homework

1.5.3.4. in class assignments

1.5.3.5. quizzes and unit tests

1.5.3.6. classroom response systems

1.6. Instructional Adjustments

1.6.1. further reading

1.6.2. individual tutoring

1.6.3. group work

1.6.3.1. small group/whole class

2. Summative

2.1. Definition

2.1.1. used to evaluate student learning, skill acquisition, and academic achievement at the conclusion of a defined instructional period

2.2. Preparing students

2.2.1. teach assessment taking skills

2.2.2. test length, format, types of questions

2.2.3. review

2.2.4. item type and format

2.2.5. assessment anxiety

2.3. Conducting

2.3.1. when should they be scheduled

2.3.2. when should they be created

2.4. Question Types

2.4.1. multiple choice

2.4.2. matching/sequencing

2.4.3. true/false, yes/no

2.4.4. factual short answer, fill ins

2.4.5. higher order shot answer

2.4.6. short or long essay

2.5. Scoring Types

2.5.1. human scoring

2.5.2. distributed scoring

2.5.3. automated scoring

2.5.4. rubric

2.5.5. checklists

3. Interim/Benchmarked

3.1. Low level, little, or no student feedback

3.2. Periodic testing throughout school year

3.2.1. ex: every 6 weeks or after chapeters

3.3. More formal style using projects, written assignments, and tests

4. Diagnostic

4.1. purpose is to obtain prior knowledge to instruction, each student's strengths, weaknesses, knowledge, and skills

5. Performance

5.1. Individual or Group Projects

5.2. Portfolios

5.3. Student Logs

5.4. Journals