Major Events of World War II

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Major Events of World War II by Mind Map: Major Events of World War II

1. Declaration of War

1.1. Sept. 1, 1939: Adolf Hitler (Germany) invades Poland

1.1.1. Sept. 3, 1939: Great Britain and France declare war on Germany

1.1.1.1. Because of Mutual Assistance treaty

1.2. Sept. 17, 1939: The Soviet Union invades Poland

1.3. June 10, 1949: Italy enters the war by invading southern France

1.4. December 8, 1941: U.S. declares war on Japan

1.4.1. In response to Pearl Harbor bombing

1.4.2. December 11-13, 1941: Axis Powers declare war on United States

2. Bombing of Pearl Harbor

2.1. December 7, 1941

2.2. Japan bombs Pearl Harbor

2.2.1. Pearl Harbor = important U.S. naval base in the Pacific

2.2.2. Unprovoked, suprise aerial assault

2.2.3. 400 soliders killed, 1,200 wounded

2.3. FDR

2.3.1. Day that would, "live in infamy"

2.3.2. December 8, 1941: U.S. declares war on Japan

3. Battle of Britain

3.1. July 10, 1940 - October 31, 1940

3.2. The Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against the German Air Force (Luftwaffe).

3.3. First major campaign fought entirely by air forces

3.4. Ended in Nazi defeat

4. Tripartite (Berlin) Pact

4.1. Signed on Sept 26, 1940

4.2. By; Germany, Japan, and Italy

4.3. Defensive military alliance

4.3.1. Created the Axis Powers (officially)

4.4. Later joined by

4.4.1. Hungary

4.4.1.1. November 20, 1940

4.4.2. Romania

4.4.2.1. November 23, 1940

4.4.3. Slovakia

4.4.3.1. November 24, 1940

4.4.4. Bulgaria

4.4.4.1. March 1, 1941

4.4.5. Yugoslavia

4.4.5.1. March 25, 1941

5. Invasion of Soviet Union

5.1. July 22, 1941

5.2. Axis powers invade Soviet Union

5.2.1. Breaks Nonaggression Pact between Germany and the USSR

6. Battle of the Bulge

6.1. December 16, 1944 - January 1, 1945

6.2. Final German offensive in the west

6.2.1. Nazi attempt to re-conquer Belgium and spilt Allied forces

6.3. Caught the Allies completely off guard

6.3.1. American forces bore brunt of the attack

6.3.1.1. Largest and bloodiest battle fought by the US in WWII

6.4. Major causaltieis on both sides

6.5. Initial German sucess later led to Nazi defeat

6.5.1. (Did not achieve goals)

7. Germany Surrenders

7.1. To western Allies

7.1.1. May 7, 1945

7.2. To the Soviets

7.2.1. May 9, 1945

8. Atomic Bombings

8.1. The U.S., wanted to force Japanese surrender

8.1.1. President Truman orders the use of nuclear weapons

8.1.1.1. Aug. 6, 1945: The U.S. drops an atomic bomb on Hiroshima.

8.1.1.2. Aug. 9, 1945: The U.S. drops an atomic bomb on Nagasaki.

8.1.1.3. Together they kill at least 129, 000 people.

8.1.1.4. Remains only use of nuclear warfare to date

9. Japan Surrenders

9.1. Aug 14, 1945: Japan agrees to unconditional surrender

9.2. Sept. 2, 1945: Japan formally surrenders

9.3. This ends WWII.

10. Battle of Midway

10.1. June 4-7, 1942

10.2. Naval battle between U.S. and Japan in Pacific

10.3. Decisive Japanese defeat

10.3.1. Devasting for Japan

11. Poland Surrenders

11.1. Sept. 27, 1939: Warsaw (capital of Poland) surrenders

11.1.1. Polish leaders exiled to Romania

11.1.1.1. Germany and the USSR split Poland lands.

12. April 9, 1940: Germany invades Denmark and Norway

12.1. April 9, 1940: Denmark surrenders

12.2. June 9, 1940: Norway surrenders

13. World Leaders of WWII

13.1. Allies

13.1.1. Britain

13.1.1.1. Neville Chamberlain

13.1.1.1.1. Prime Minister from 1937-1940

13.1.1.2. Winston Churchill

13.1.1.2.1. Prime Minister from 1940-1945

13.1.2. Soviet Union (USSR)

13.1.2.1. Joseph Stalin

13.1.2.1.1. Communist dictator from 1929=2953

13.1.3. United States

13.1.3.1. Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR)

13.1.3.1.1. President from 1933-1945

13.1.3.2. Harry Truman

13.1.3.2.1. President from 1945-1953

13.1.4. France

13.1.4.1. Charles de Gaulle

13.1.4.1.1. French general who later became president

13.2. Axis Powers

13.2.1. Germany

13.2.1.1. Adolf Hitler

13.2.1.1.1. Dictator from 1934-1945

13.2.2. Japan

13.2.2.1. Hideki Tojo

13.2.2.1.1. Prime minister from 1941-1944

13.2.3. Italy

13.2.3.1. Benito Mussolini

13.2.3.1.1. Prime minister from 1922-1943

14. Germany attacks western Europe

14.1. May 10, 1940: Luxembourg is occupied

14.2. May 14, 1940: The Netherlands surrenders

14.3. May 28, 1940: Belgium surrenders

14.4. June 22, 1940: France signs an armistice agreement with Germany

15. Bombing of Germany

15.1. May 30, 1942: The British bomb Köln

15.1.1. Brings war to Germany for first time

15.2. From 1942-1945

15.2.1. Allied bombing reduces urban Germany to rubble

16. Battle of Stalingrad

16.1. August 23, 1942 - February 2, 1943

16.2. Axis powers fought USSR for control of Stalingrad in southern Russia

16.3. Marked by close-quarters combat and air raids on civiliands

16.4. One of the single largest and bloodies battles of the war

16.4.1. Over 400, 000 casualties on both sides

16.5. Germans suffer severe Russian winter

16.6. Soviets trap German Sixth Army in the city

16.7. Survivors surrender

16.7.1. January 30, 1943

16.7.2. February 2, 1943

17. D-Day

17.1. June 6, 1944

17.2. General Dwight Eisenhower led U.S. and Allied Troops

17.2.1. Invasion of Normandy, France

17.3. Opened "Second Front" against the Germans

17.3.1. Began liberation of northwestern Nazi-controlled territories

17.4. Extreme defeat for the Germans

17.4.1. Leads to eventual Nazi surrender

17.5. Largest seaborne invasion in history

18. Adolf Hitler commits suicide

18.1. April 30, 1945

19. Anti-Semitism and the Holocaust during the war

19.1. From 1933-1945

19.1.1. Jewish people in Germany and Germany-controlled lands suffer

19.1.1.1. Blamed as scape-goat for WWI

19.1.1.2. Limited and denied citizen ship by Nazi legislation

19.1.1.2.1. Ex: Forced to wear the Star of David

19.1.1.3. Sent to ghettos and later concentration camps

19.1.1.3.1. Killed by the millions

19.1.1.4. Nazi commit many other unspeakable horrors towards Jewish people

19.2. August 15, 1942

19.2.1. Gerhart Riegner informs US and Britain about mass murders

19.3. Jan 27, 1945

19.3.1. Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz (concentration camp)

19.3.1.1. Appox. 7, 000 prisoners left behind

19.4. November 20, 1945

19.4.1. International Military Tribunal of Nazi leaders begins

19.4.1.1. 18 convicted for unspeakable crimes

19.4.1.1.1. 11 sentenced to death

20. Fighting in Africa

20.1. May 12, 1943: Allied forces capture Italian forces in Tuinsia

20.2. Sept 3, 1943

20.2.1. Italy surrenders