English for Specific Purposes (ESP)

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English for Specific Purposes (ESP) by Mind Map: English for Specific Purposes (ESP)

1. Learner must already have basic knowldege of English (e.g. intermediate or adavnced learners.

2. Types of ESP according to Hutchinson and Waters (1987)

2.1. English for Science and Technology (EST)

2.1.1. English for Occupational Purposes (EOP) also known as English for Vocational Purposes (EVP) and Vocational English as a Second Language (VESL)

2.1.1.1. English for Technicians

2.1.1.2. English for Technical Manuals

2.1.2. English for Academic Purposes (EAP)

2.1.2.1. English for Medical Studies

2.1.2.2. English for Software Engineers

2.2. English for Business and Economics (EBE)

2.2.1. English for Occupational Purposes (EOP) also known as English for Vocational Purposes (EVP) and Vocational English as a Second Language (VESL)

2.2.1.1. English for Secretaries

2.2.1.2. English for Cashiers

2.2.2. English for Academic Purposes (EAP)

2.2.2.1. English for Economics

2.2.2.2. English for Accountants

2.3. English for Social Sciences (ESS)

2.3.1. English for Occupational Purposes (EOP) also known as English for Vocational Purposes (EVP) and Vocational English as a Second Language (VESL)

2.3.1.1. English for Psychology

2.3.1.2. English for Political Science

2.3.2. English for Academic Purposes (EAP)

2.3.2.1. English for Teaching

2.3.2.2. English for Presentations

3. It's designed for specific disciplines or occupations

4. It's mainly for adult learners

5. It's not linked to any particular methodology

6. It may or may not be restricted to any particular language skill.

7. An ESP course may have a broad reach.

8. Teacher prepares syllabus to meet students' specific needs

9. ESP courses do not use general English books. Instead materials are specific to a certain specialization.

10. Materials must be authentic and content must be context-based.