Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Rocket clouds
OCD by Mind Map: OCD

1. Obsessions

1.1. Cause anxiety

1.2. Intrusive, negative & unpleasant thoughts, image, fears or impulses

1.3. Greatest fear is acting upon obsession

1.4. Individual recognises that they're irrational & try to resist

2. Prevalence similar in males & females - unlike most anxiety disorders (female heavy)

3. NOT delusion - individual has insight & awareness of disorder NOT psychotic - no loss of contact with reality

4. Compulsions

4.1. Behaviours / acts to reduce anxiety caused by obsessions - usually avoidance

4.2. Quasi rituals - performed unwillingly, e.g. safe numbers, whereby an individual repeats a behaviour a certain number of times to reduce anxiety

4.3. Broken ritual = start again

4.4. May not be logically consistent, e.g. compulsive hand washing // don't shower

5. Epidemiology

5.1. 1% prevalence - young adults & teenagers

5.2. Chronic - lifelong

6. Treatments

6.1. Psychological therapy

6.1.1. CBT

6.1.1.1. Cognitive = obsessions

6.1.1.2. Behavioural = compulsions

6.2. Drugs

6.2.1. SSRIs, most common, e.g. Prozac / Fluoxetine

6.2.1.1. Reduce anxiety & emotional fluctuations

6.2.2. BZs, e.g. Diazepam / Valium

6.2.2.1. Powerful tranquilizer

6.2.3. Tricyclic antidepressants, e.g. Clomipramine

6.2.3.1. Work on serotonergic system (like SSRIs) // suicidal side effects

7. Further reading

7.1. Stein (2002)

7.1.1. OCD = example of neuropsychiatric disorder moderated by neuronal pathways

7.1.2. Responsive to drug & therapy treatment

7.1.3. Once viewed as rare // one of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders

7.1.4. Obsessions increase anxiety Compulsions reduce anxiety