Types of Student Assessments

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Types of Student Assessments by Mind Map: Types of Student Assessments

1. Assessments for Learning

2. Assessments of Learning

3. Diagnostic - also known as pre-assessment provides teachers with information about a student’s knowledge or lack thereof before beginning a unit or topic.

3.1. Advantages: allows teacher better prepare for upcoming unit of instruction. Can differentiate lessons.

3.1.1. Disadvantages: Takes time to administer and assess. Not used for a grade.

4. Formative - assessment monitors student learning to provide feedback for teachers to improve or differentiate their teaching and by students to assess where their at in the learning process

4.1. Advantages: “They check for understanding along the way and guide teacher decision making about future instruction” (Dodge).

4.1.1. Disadvantage: Takes time away from lessons and instruction.

5. Summative - “Measure how much our students have learned up to a particular point in time” (Dodge).

5.1. Advantages: holds teachers and students accountable.

5.1.1. Disadvantages: considered high stakes.

6. Performance-Based - “In general, a performance-based assessment measures students' ability to apply the skills and knowledge learned from a unit or units of study” (Hilliard, P.)

6.1. Advantages: Simulates real world. Assessing higher level understanding.

6.1.1. Disadvantages: Time consuming for teacher to create. In some cases may take longer than normal to complete this type of assessment vs others.

7. High-Stakes - "is any test used to make important decisions about students, educators, schools, or districts, most commonly for the purpose of accountability—i.e., the attempt by federal, state, or local government agencies and school administrators to ensure that students are enrolled in effective schools and being taught by effective teachers" (The Glossary).

7.1. Advantages: Holds teachers accountable, establishes high academic expectations for teachers and students, provides information about school and student performance, reveals areas of education need. (High-Stakes)

7.1.1. Disadvantages: Teach to the test, promotes "narrow" teaching approach, contributes to higher rates of cheating by schools and students (High-Stakes).

8. Portfolio - "is a collection of student work that can exhibit a student's efforts, progress, and achievements in various areas of the curriculum. A portfolio assessment can be an examination of student-selected samples of work experiences and documents related to outcomes being assessed, and it can address and support progress toward achieving academic goals, including student efficacy " (Assessment).

8.1. Advantages: measures students ability over time. Can be used as a type of formative assessment. Can be a way to involve family members of students.

8.1.1. Disadvantages: In some cases can be subjective. A lot of information to evaluate.

9. Authentic - "students are asked to perform real-world tasks that demonstrate meaningful application of essential knowledge and skills" (Mueller). "An authentic assessment usually includes a task for students to perform and a rubric by which their performance on the task will be evaluated" (Mueller).

9.1. Advantages: Demonstrates learning via performing real world task. Student-structured. Provides different way to showcase learning.

9.1.1. Disadvantages: Subjective scoring, timely.

10. Self-Assessment - evaluation of one's own attitudes, actions, or performance.

10.1. Advantages: Increase student responsibility and involvement. Student voice.

10.1.1. Disadvantages: Students hard on themselves. Teacher may not always receive data or information from the self-assessment

11. Peer-Assessment - "a collaborative learning technique, students evaluate their peers’ work and have their work evaluated by peers. Often used as a learning tool, peer assessment gives students feedback on the quality of their work, often with ideas and strategies for improvement" (Stanford).

11.1. Advantages: Increase student responsibility and involvement.

11.1.1. Disadvantages: Potential peer pressure, bullying to give good reviews. Time to cover clear guidelines.

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