Student Assessments M6U1A1

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Student Assessments M6U1A1 by Mind Map: Student Assessments M6U1A1

1. Peer-Assessment

1.1. Definition: Students evaluate and grade each other' work.

1.2. Purpose: Allows students to see what their peers have come up with. It also gives students invaluable experience with critiquing and giving/receiving constructive criticism.

1.3. Advantages: This can be a useful tool for teachers to use if they need to save time. Encourages a quality atmosphere in the classroom because it requires every student to be respectful of everyone's work.

1.4. Disadvantage: It can be difficult to enforce quality feedback and good constructive criticism. The teacher needs to provide a quality rubric so students know what to be looking for; without this rubric, students are just guessing.

1.5. Type: I would classify this as both an assessment of learning and an assessment for learning. It requires students to finish an assignment so that there is something to grade and it also can be used as an instructional activity for the teacher.

1.6. Examples: Editing of student's writing, class feedback on presentations

2. Self-Assessment

2.1. Definition: evaluation of your or a student's own work.

2.2. Purpose: This form of assessment lets the teacher give students the tools to take a closer look at their own work and see how best to change it for the future.

2.3. Advantages: Gives student's the opportunity to reflect on the work they have done and take ownership in the grade they have received or in the process of refining it.

2.4. Disadvantages: Self-assessments can often lack depth.

2.5. Type: Assessment for learning because it helps a student add to the work they have already started.

2.6. Examples: Reflections, personalized rubrics

3. Authentic

3.1. Definition: an assessment used to determine a student's understand of a real world situation.

3.2. Purpose: To put a student in a situation where their understanding of a concept could be directly related to something happening outside of the classroom.

3.3. Advantages: Student's generally find real meaning in these assessments and are more likely to fully buy-in to the assignments.

3.4. Disadvantages: These can be very time consuming and it can also be difficult to come up with quality assignments.

3.5. Type: Assessment of learning because students are being asked to apply what they have learned to a real world situation.

3.6. Examples: Interviewing public officials about laws that pertain to education, inventing something that can/will help the community.

4. Formative

4.1. Definition: assessment taken during the teaching of a particular concept.

4.2. Purpose: Gives the teacher the opportunity to redirect or refocus the lesson in order to ensure the students are understanding.

4.3. Advantages: These can be very simple and fast. An easy way to gauge where the level of class understanding is at any given time.

4.4. Disadvantages: It can be difficult to get everyone to buy into an assessment and it can still be difficult to tell if a student is repeating something they have just heard or if they really do understand.

4.5. Type: I would lean toward assessment of learning because you are testing the waters to see what the students have picked up on, but it can also be used to reteach or focus more specifically on a concept, so it could also be an assessment for learning.

4.6. Examples: exit cards, student interviews, think-pair-share, the number of formative examples are basically endless.

5. High Stakes

5.1. Definition: a test used to determine important things about a student's future.

5.2. Purpose: These can be used to pinpoint areas that need to be taught. They can also be used to show how much a student has grown over the year. In some schools, these tests are also used to hold teachers accountable for what they are covering in class.

5.3. Advantages: These "standardized" tests were made to try and put all students on a level playing field.

5.4. Disadvantages: Teachers tend to teach to the test. Students may put to much pressure on themselves or might get too much outside pressure put on them by their parents or family members.

5.5. Type: Assessment of learning because it is showing what a student already knows.

5.6. Examples: MAP testing, SATs, ACTs, TOEFL

6. Summative

6.1. Definition: assessment done at the end of a unit or time period so see what the student has learned over the course of the unit/time period.

6.2. Purpose: To see exactly how a student's knowledge of a concept matches up with what the teacher knows the student should have learned.

6.3. Advantages: Gives the students a chance to show what they have learned, in a controlled setting. They are easy to grade because the teacher already knows the answers they are looking for.

6.4. Disadvantages: This is not a teaching opportunity and some student's are not good with tests.

6.5. Type: Assessment of learning. A summative assessment comes at the end to see what a student knows.

6.6. Examples: Unit or chapter tests, final papers

7. Diagnostic

7.1. Definition: determining where a student is at academically before starting in on instruction.

7.2. Purpose: This helps a teacher know what level the lessons should be on. It can dictate a student's reading, writing, and math levels early on.

7.3. Advantages: Allows for more specified lesson planning. There is no wasted time spent over-reviewing material that the students are already capable of completing.

7.4. Disadvantages: It can cause the teacher to view or treat a student differently dependent upon a high/low academic level. If done incorrectly, the assessment loses its value.

7.5. Type: Assessment for learning because it is used to determine the course of a lesson or unit plan.

7.6. Examples: Reading tests (i.e. Fountas and Pinnell), beginning of the year math tests.

8. Performance Based

8.1. Definition: measures students' ability to apply the skills and knowledge learned from a unit or units of study.

8.2. Purpose: Asks students to use higher order thinking to complete a task or finish a lesson.

8.3. Advantages: Lets students use real world problem solving skills. Generally keeps students engaged because it is "their project". On average, students love to present their work.

8.4. Disadvantages: It can be very time consuming for each student/group to finish their work and then present it.

8.5. Type: Assessment of learning because it comes at the end to see how well the students have comprehended the information.

8.6. Examples: Journals, Posters, Plays, Slideshow presentations

9. Portfolio

9.1. Definition: a body of work created by an individual over a specified amount of time.

9.2. Purpose: To show a student's growth in a particular field over a time period (could be over the course of a school year)

9.3. Advantages: Students and parents alike can see actual growth in the areas that are presented in the portfolio.

9.4. Disadvantages: These can take a very long time to complete. If you have students putting together a portfolio all year, it can be difficult to get all of the students to turn in everything that needs to be in the portfolio.

9.5. Type: I would say this would be an assessment of learning because it is showing finished work based on the knowledge the student has gained.

9.6. Examples: Writing journal, individual poetry book/collection