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Stress by Mind Map: Stress

1. Body

1.1. Hearth

1.1.1. Actions Parasymphatetic system off Hormons Increase More oxigen Delivering more blood to the right places as muscle and lungs Blood pressure goes up Less blood to guts and reproductive organs Hearth rate goes up

1.1.2. Sickness Fat Hypertension Glucose Cholesterol

1.2. Metabolism

1.2.1. Actions Hormons Increase

1.2.2. Sickness Diabetes Hyperglycemia

1.3. Digestive tract

1.3.1. Actions Eat more than usual Hormons Increase Fat Abdominal Gluteal Gastroinstetinal disorders Organic bowel disorders Functional bowel disorders

1.4. Growth

1.4.1. Non-Stressesd childhood

1.4.2. mothering style

1.4.3. Stress dwarfism No growth hormone

1.4.4. Less growth hormone production

1.5. Reproduction

1.5.1. Male Hormones Decrease Sickness Erectile dysfunction Option A Option B

1.5.2. Female

1.6. Immune system

1.6.1. Lymphocytes B cells Bone Narrow Surveying for pathogens Make antibodies T Cells Thymus Characteristics Innate immunity

1.7. Cancer

1.7.1. Uncontrolled growth Accidental reactivation of those growth genes called oncogenes

1.7.2. Glucocorticoids increase risk of cancer in laboratory animals

1.8. Pain

1.8.1. Pain=Stress

1.9. Memory & Learning

1.9.1. Implicit memory Internalized things Cerebellum

1.9.2. Explicit memory Facts Hyppocampus Cortex

1.9.3. Long Term potenttiation Information is diffusely distributed It is contained in patterns of activation

1.9.4. Short term stress Easier to remember certain things

1.9.5. Long Term stress Memory disruption You are no longer delivering more glucose and oxygen to the brain No longer enhancing potenciation Atrophy

1.9.6. Sleep Stages Rapid Eye Movement Slow Wave sleep Sleep Deprivation Increase glucocorticoids Decrease Corticotrophin The same hormone that transitions you into sleep is the same one that decreases glucocorticoids

1.10. Aging

1.10.1. Less production of glucocorticoids Neurogenesis in the hippucampus decreased DNA repair Decreased ability to regulate temperature Decreased cognitive ability

1.11. Nervous system

1.11.1. Symphatetic nervous system Stress

1.11.2. Parasympathetic nervous system Calm, vegetative functioning

1.11.3. Limbic system Emotions

1.11.4. Cortex Reasoning, processing and long term memories

1.11.5. Hormons Chemical messenger Increase Prolactin Glucagon Beta-endorphin Decrease Growth hormone Insulin Reproductive hormons

2. Psycological

2.1. Modulators

2.1.1. Release muscle tension

2.1.2. Sense of control

2.1.3. Predictability

2.1.4. Outlets Examples Screaming Exercise Get hobbies Focus on really important things

2.2. Anxiety

2.2.1. Amygdala

2.2.2. Fearful of new things and in innate fears and phobias

2.2.3. Stress increase anxiety

2.2.4. Amigdala is extremely sensitive to glucocorticoids

2.2.5. learning to be affraid

2.3. Hostility

2.3.1. Everyone is out to get you

2.4. Repressive

2.4.1. No depression

2.4.2. No anxiety

2.4.3. You are happy!!

2.5. Dopamine

2.5.1. It´s about reward

2.5.2. Motivation that comes out of that anticipation

3. Depression

3.1. Anhedonia

3.1.1. You loose the capacity to feel pleasure No libido Injure themselves to attempt to suicide Changes in sleep patterns winter months

3.1.2. Is a phatological extreme of those perceptions

3.2. Biology

3.2.1. Increase of glucocorticoids

3.2.2. Norepinephrine Lack of it Slow movements Exhausting to do everything

3.2.3. Serotonin Lack of it

3.2.4. Women Estrogen Progesteron

3.2.5. Men Hypothyroidism

3.3. Psychology

4. Management

4.1. Mindfulness

4.1.1. It is not necessary to live at the mercy of an untamed mind

4.1.2. Most of the time, our mind function by generating a constant swirl of remarks and judgements to create a barrier of words and images that separate us from our own lives

4.1.3. Whatever an enemy might do to an enemy, or a foe to a foe, the ill-directed mind can do to you even worse

4.1.4. mindlessness A state of semi awareness governed by habit and inattention It causes us to suffer High degree of openness, receptivity and inquisitiveness Meditation Mindfulness exercise to enlarge mindfulness Not all meditations increase mindfulness, see goals of each meditation Preparation Moral inventory Five ethical aspirations Where to be for meditation? Finding focus Mind & Body Attending to the mind Attending to the breath Breathing Difficulties Most important is PERSISTENCE, never give up, and you´ll never fail Only the complete acceptance of suffering leads to it´s end COURAGE Are those things that require attention You can´t resolve every pain in life Body Body Scan Working with thoughts

4.2. Exercise

5. Definitions

5.1. homeostasis: equilibrium

5.2. Stressor, an external perturbation that disrupts homeostasis, can be in anticipation of such a perturbation occurring

5.3. Stress response: The array of hormonal and neural adaptations in the body meant to reestablish homeostasis