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03/05 - Classroom Management 2 by Mind Map: 03/05 - Classroom
Management 2
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03/05 - Classroom Management 2

Alder's Individual Psychology

Based on Alfred Adler

1. Basic motivation is to belong

2. Humans are social beings

3. People make their own decisions

4. Personality is shaped by perception of their experiences


Belonging is a basic motivation, Children seek behaviour which will gain them recognition and belonging

All behaviour has a purpose, No behaviour is random, There is always a goal

Lifestyle is unique and unified, Different people respond in different ways to similar experiences

Loss of confidence results is behavioural problems, Schooling confirms many childrens views of themselves as inadequate, Both peers and teachers can be sources of discouragement



Attracting Attention, Assertive, Clown, Nuisance, Show off, Unpredictable, Passive, Laziness, Anxious, Speech Problems, Shyness, Over Pleasant

Demonstrating Power, Attacking, Arguing, Rebellion, Disobedience, Bullying, Temper Tantrums, Defending, Unco-operative, Dawdling, Stubborness, Forgetfulness

Escaping by withdrawal, Defending, Stupid, Idle, Incapable, Hopeless, Juvenile

Seeking Revenge, Attacking, Stealing, Visciousness, Destructiveness, Cruelty, Violence, Defending, Sulleness, Moodiness, Moroseness, Passive Hate

Goals of Misbehaviour

By how the students behaviour makes YOU feel, Irritated or annoyed, Attention seeking, Provoked, angered, Power, Deeply Hurt, Revenge, Hopeless, inadequate, Escape by withdrawal

By how the student responds to you correction, Stopping (temporarily), Attention, Continuing the behaviour, Power, Escalating verbal or phyical violence, Revenge, Disinterested, Escape by withdrawal

General Notes



Teacher Discouraging Behaviours

Mistake Centered Approaches, Belief children will not improve unless their mistakes were shown, Students made to fell inferior since nothing comes to teachers expectations

Competition, Children stimulated by the chance of "winning", praise individual achievement promotes competition and comparison

Conditional Acceptance, Accepting students on the condition on them getting better, Children will see they are never good enough


Accept students as they are now

Show faith in students ability to learn

Acknowledging genuine improvement

Building on strengths to develop skills

Promoting genuine social integration

Helping students to learn from mistakes rather than avoid them

Consequences and Punishment

Use consequences instead of punishment

Separate the behaviour from the students


Know whats best, Consequences, Students make their own decision, Punishment, Teachers know whats best

Responsibility for student behaviour, Consequences, Punishment

Concerned with the past or present, Consequences, Punishment

Whats really at stake, Consequences, Punishment

Connection between actiona and result, Conequences, Logical Connection between action and consequences, Punishment, Arbitary connection between action and consequences

Moral Judgement, Consequences, No moral judgements, Punishment, Moral judgement

Feelings and relationship, Consequences, Relationship is friendly, Punishment, Anger and resentment


Van manen Anecdotes