Bones and Joints

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Bones and Joints by Mind Map: Bones and Joints

1. Type of Bones

1.1. Based on components

1.1.1. Hard Bones

1.1.2. Soft Bones

1.2. Based on the shape

1.2.1. Long bones

1.2.2. Short bones

1.2.3. Flat bones

1.2.4. Irregular bones

1.2.5. Sutura

1.2.6. Sesamoid

2. Type of Joints

2.1. Based on structure

2.1.1. Fibrous

2.1.2. Cartilage

2.1.3. Synovial

2.2. Based on movements

2.2.1. Synartrosis

2.2.2. Amphiatrosis

2.2.3. Diatrosis

2.2.3.1. Globoidea

2.2.3.2. Sellaris

2.2.3.3. Gynglymus

2.2.3.4. Planar

2.2.3.5. Condyloidea

2.2.3.6. Trochoidea

3. Structure of Bones

3.1. Microstructure

3.1.1. Osteocytes

3.1.2. Lacuna

3.1.3. Lamellae

3.1.3.1. Lamellae circumferentia externa

3.1.3.2. Lamellae cicumferentia interna

3.1.3.3. Concentric/Osteoni lamellae

3.1.3.4. Interstitial lamellae

3.1.4. Periosteum

3.1.5. Canals

3.1.5.1. Haversian Canal

3.1.5.2. Volksmann Canal

3.1.6. Trabiculae

3.2. Biochemical Components

3.2.1. 60% inorganic components

3.2.2. 10% water

3.2.3. 30% organic components

4. Development of bones

4.1. Intramembranous ossification

4.2. Endochondrial ossification

4.3. Stop develop at the average age of 25

4.4. Bone cells that dies by apoptosis will regenerate new cells by mitosis

5. Structure of Joints

5.1. Chondrocytes

5.2. Fibrous capsule

5.3. Synovial membrane

5.4. Osteoblast

5.5. Osteoprogenitor

5.6. Osteooclast