Mesopotamains

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Mesopotamains by Mind Map: Mesopotamains

1. Government & Leaders

1.1. Monarchy Based

1.1.1. Before Kings there were lugals (meaning strongman) that eventually developed into kings.

1.1.1.1. There were multiple Kings, each ruled over one city-state.

1.1.1.1.1. http://factsanddetails.com/media/2/20120208-Stela_of_Ur-Nammu_detail.jpg

1.2. Under the rule of a King and his family

1.2.1. King was in control of entire governance, rights and responsibilities were his and his family.

1.2.1.1. Expected to provide protection to the city, law, order, and justice, and to care for widows and orphans.

1.2.1.1.1. https://www.timemaps.com/images/Hammurabi_bas_relief.JPG

1.2.2. Head of the army

1.2.3. Sent by the gods to oversee the people

2. Religion

2.1. The Mesopotamians were polytheistic, which means that they believe in multiple gods.

2.2. They believed in demons that were created by the gods. They could be good or evil.

2.3. They believes that when something bad occurred, the correlating god was angry at them and was punishing them. The Mesopotamians did anything to make them happy.

2.3.1. http://www.mesopotamia.co.uk/gods/images/bullman2.gif

2.4. They worship there gods and goddess inside of Ziggurats.

3. Science & Technology

3.1. The Mesopotamians were also responsible for creating the first simple plow. The first plow was nicknamed ¨the ard." It was created to loosen soil and help make farming more efficient.

3.2. The Mesopotamians were some of the first people to begin the bronze age. They used copper early on, and then bronze, gold and iron. They used these metals for different things including weapons, like swords and daggers.

3.3. The Mesopotamians were responsible for creating a number system and early math ideas. They came up with ways to tell time, saying that there are 60 seconds in a minute and 60 minutes in an hour. Obviously, we still use those ways of telling times today. They also came up with the idea that there are 360 degrees in a circle. They used addition subtraction, multiplication and so on to keep records and when they were building things.

3.4. The mesopotamians used very early versions of the wheel to create pottery. Later on they figured out a way to use the wheel on chariots. and other forms of transportation.

4. Geography & Agriculture

4.1. The name "Mesopotamia" in greek means "the land between the rivers". This ancient river civilization is what history books call the Fertile Crescent and is responsible for the spread of agriculture.

4.2. The Mesopotamians lived in a very dry climate with little rainfall. Even so, this civilization thrived because of the flooding from the Tigris and Euphrates rivers which flow through modern day Iraq.

4.3. Their main crops were wheat, barely, dates, cucumbers, onions, apples, and many different herbs and spices. They also raised sheep goats and cattle.

4.4. The Tigris and Euphrates rivers irrigated the crops and the silt left from the river water gave them fertile soil.

5. Arts & Education

5.1. They worked in Gold and lapis as well as clay and wood

5.1.1. Schools were ran by priests and only boys could go to school but girls could also learn but only from a parent at home

5.2. Created murals and paintings that showed them hunting and fighting

5.2.1. In school, if a student were to mess up they would be whipped. Not enough to cripple them but enough to make them sore

6. Social Structure & Family Life

6.1. Mesopotamia Family

6.2. Families were extremely important to them

6.3. Women were allowed to do whatever they wanted, as long as they had their husband's permission

6.4. They had class systems, like nobility, free citizens and slaves

6.5. If a man and a woman got divorced and had no children, they both had to pay a fine and that was it. But if they did have children, the women faced severe penalties.

6.6. Mesopoiemia society

7. Economy & Trade

7.1. Many new technologies, such as the wheel, allowed trading and transporting goods to be more convenient.

7.2. Mesopotamia did not have many natural resources, so trading was very important.

7.3. They traded grains, oil, and textiles in exchange for timber, wine, precious metals, and stone.

7.4. The writing system assisted Mesoptamians when trading.

7.5. http://www.leftcom.org/files/2012-06-15-coins.jpg

7.6. http://www.crystalinks.com/irrigation.mesopotamia.jpg