Archetypal Heroes

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Archetypal Heroes by Mind Map: Archetypal Heroes

1. Jason

1.1. Primary Traits

1.1.1. 1. Ambitious

1.1.1.1. ¨He thought of ambition only, never of gratitude¨ (Hamilton 117).

1.1.2. 2. Adventurous

1.1.2.1. ¨The idea of the great adventure was delightful to Jason¨ (164).

1.2. Primary Motivation

1.2.1. Glory

1.2.1.1. ¨Hera was helping Jason, and it was she who kindled in each one the desire [that]... even at the price of death to drink with his comrades the peerless elixir of valor" (164).

1.3. Specialized Skill

1.4. Situational Archetype

1.4.1. The Task

1.4.1.1. "So he spoke, believing in his heart that no one could make the attempt and come back alive" (164).

1.5. Hamartia (Tragic Flaw)

1.5.1. .

1.6. Reflection of Culture

1.6.1. The Greeks probably valued Jason's adventurous spirit, but did not value his ambition. This is because his ambition was his tragic flaw.

1.7. Archetypal Journey

1.7.1. The quest to rid the land of danger

1.8. Heroic Archetype

1.8.1. Hero as a warrior

1.9. Stages of Journey

1.9.1. 1.

1.9.2. 2.

1.9.3. 3.

2. Hercules

2.1. Specialized Skill

2.1.1. Superhuman strength

2.2. Hamartia (Tragic Flaw)

2.2.1. He cannot die, he has to kill himself.

2.2.1.1. "He could still slay others, but it seemed that he himself could not die. The anguish he felt hardly weakened him... Since death would not go to him, he would go to death" (243).

2.3. Primary Traits

2.3.1. Impulsive

2.3.1.1. "he just struck out on the impulse of the moment without thinking" (229).

2.3.2. Regretful

2.3.2.1. "Then he did as always, he heaped blame upon himself" (241)

2.4. Primary Motivation

2.4.1. Cleanse himself of wrongs

2.4.1.1. "He punished himself when others were inclined to exonerate him" (228

2.5. Reflection of Culture

2.5.1. Most of Greece, with the exception of Athens, put value on brawn over brains. Hercules was not an intelligent person, but because he was the strongest man alive he was valued.

2.6. Situational Archetype

2.6.1. The Task

2.6.1.1. "The labors of hercules. There were twelve of them and each one all but impossible" (232)

2.7. Heroic Archetype

2.7.1. Unbalanced Hero

2.7.1.1. "If he only had some greatness of mind as well, at least enough to lead him along the ways of reason, he would have been a great hero" (227)

2.8. Archetypal Journey

2.8.1. The fool's errand

2.8.1.1. "The tasks Eurystheus gave him to do are called the 12 tasks of Hercules"(232)

2.9. Stages of Journey

2.9.1. The hero yearns for the beautiful lady.

2.9.1.1. "He fought the river god Achelous because Achelous was in love with the girl Hercules now wanted to marry"(236)

2.9.2. The hero engages in tests of physical strength.

2.9.2.1. "His next exploit was to fight and conquer the Minyans" (229)

2.9.3. The hero struggles for something valuable and important

2.9.3.1. ""his quick penitence and desire to make amends no matter the cost"(242).

3. Perseus

3.1. Specialized Skill

3.1.1. Helped by Athena and Hermes

3.2. Primary Traits

3.2.1. Prideful

3.2.1.1. "had been led by his angry pride"(200)

3.2.2. Impulsive

3.3. Reflection of Culture

3.3.1. Perseus listened to the Gods and fought for what was right, and because of that, in the story, he was rewarded and was able to obtain a kingdom.

3.4. Primary Motivation

3.4.1. Wants to keep his word

3.5. Situational Archetype

3.5.1. The Quest

3.5.1.1. "before he attacked Medusa he must be properly equipped, and that he needed to... go to the Grey Women" (201)

3.6. Archetypal Journey

3.6.1. The fool's errand

3.6.1.1. "he would go off and kill Medusa and bring her head back as a gift" (200)

3.7. Heroic Archetype

3.7.1. Hero as a Warrior

3.7.1.1. "he aimed a stroke down at Medusa's throat" (203)

3.8. Hamartia (Tragic Flaw)

3.8.1. Easily Manipulated

3.8.1.1. "he probably told him (Perseus) that he would rather have the head of one of them than anything else in the world" (199)

3.9. Three Characteristics of Journey

3.9.1. The hero has a strange, wise being as a mentor

3.9.1.1. "Hermes and Athena came to his help" (201)

3.9.2. The hero is born and raised in a rural setting away from cities.

3.9.2.1. "there were islands rising high above the sea... the two lived there for many years" (199)

3.9.3. The hero returns to his land of birth in disguise or unknown

3.9.3.1. "King of Larissa was holding a great athletic contest, and he journeyed there to take part" (207)

4. Theseus

4.1. Archetypal Journey

4.1.1. The Quest to Rid the Land of Danger

4.1.1.1. "...he intended to try to kill the minotaur" (212).

4.2. Primary Traits

4.2.1. Empathetic

4.2.1.1. "Theseus alone stood by him. Hercules' other friends fled, fearing to be polluted by the presence of one who had done so horrible a deed"(216).

4.2.2. Aspiring

4.2.2.1. "His idea was to become a great hero as quickly as possible, and easy safety was certainly not they way to do that"(209).

4.3. Hamartia (Tragic Flaw)

4.3.1. Relies too much on swift justice.

4.3.1.1. "'You are an exile from this land. Go to your ruin and at once.' ...Hippolytus went, but not into exile... His chariot was shattered, and he was mortally hurt" (222). He would not hear his son's side of the story, and this resulted in his son's death.

4.4. Situational Archetype

4.4.1. Battle Between Good and Evil

4.4.1.1. "His idea of dealing justice was simple, but effective: what each had done to others, Theseus did to him" (209).

4.5. Specialized Skill

4.5.1. Great Strength

4.5.1.1. "He grew up strong"

4.6. Heroic Archetype

4.6.1. Hero as a warrior

4.6.1.1. "...pinning him to the ground; and with his fists-he had no other weapon- he battered the monster to death"(212).

4.7. Reflection of Culture

4.7.1. Greeks valued this hero greatly. They seem to value physical strength and determination to overcome what seems impossible. They also seem to believe in an ¨eye for an eye¨ justice system.

4.8. Stages of Journey

4.8.1. Grew up and tried to prove himself to father

4.8.1.1. "...wishing to make himself known to his father, drew his sword"(210).

4.8.2. Went adventure-seeking

4.8.2.1. "He had so many great adventures and took part in so many great

4.8.3. Angered a god and his son was killed.

4.8.3.1. "If only I could die for you"(222).

5. Atalanta

5.1. Primary Traits

5.1.1. Confident

5.1.2. Independent

5.1.2.1. "She was determined never to marry" (247).

5.2. Specialized Skill

5.2.1. Great warrior

5.2.1.1. "She became in the end more than their equal in all the arduous feats of a hunter's life" (246).

5.3. Reflection of Culture

5.3.1. Females were not valued in Greek society. However, Greeks seemed to believe women could be warriors as well.

5.4. Situational Archetype

5.4.1. The Unhealable Wound

5.5. Primary Motivation

5.5.1. Father abandoned her because she was not a son.

5.5.1.1. "her father apparently being reconciled to having a daughter" (249).

5.6. Heroic Archetype

5.6.1. Proto-Feminist Hero

5.6.1.1. "she looked lovelier and more desirable than any maiden he had ever seen" (247)

5.7. Hamartia (Tragic Flaw)

5.7.1. Overconfident-- allowed herself to lose a race because of golden apples

5.7.1.1. "It needed but a moment for her to stoop and pick the lovely thing up, but that brief pause brought him abreast of her" (251).

5.8. Archetypal Journey

5.8.1. The quest for love- this is more of Melanion, Atalanta was never really on a quest.

5.8.1.1. "He knew he was not as good a runner as she, but he hand a plan" (251)

5.9. Stages of Journey

5.9.1. The hero looses her parents at a young age and is raised by animals

5.9.1.1. "A she-bear took charge of her, nursed her and kept her warm" (246)

5.9.2. The hero meets monsters or monstrous men

5.9.2.1. "Then came the famous hunt of the Calydonian boar" (246)

5.9.3. The hero engages in contests of strength

5.9.3.1. "Fleet-footed young men were always arriving to race with her and she always won" (249)

6. Odysseus

6.1. Archetypal Journey

6.1.1. The epic journey to find the promised land/to found the good city

6.1.1.1. "Year after year he voyaged, hurried form one perilous adventure to another" (294)

6.2. Stages of Journey

6.2.1. • The hero must go on a journey, learn a lesson, change in some way, and return home.

6.2.1.1. "Year after year he voyaged, hurried from one perilous journey to another"(294).

6.2.2. • The hero often crosses a body of water or travels on a bridge.

6.2.2.1. "drifted for many days" (311)

6.2.3. • The hero returns to the land of his/her birth in disguise or as an unknown

6.2.3.1. "For Odysseus at last after long wandering had come home and every heart was glad" (319).

6.3. Primary Traits

6.3.1. Good fighter

6.3.1.1. "wily cunning, his shrewdness, and his cunning" (294

6.3.2. Smart

6.3.2.1. "Odysseus was not only a hero, but a man of great resourcefulness" (302)

6.4. Primary Motivation

6.4.1. Returning Home

6.4.1.1. "He wandered for ten years before he found his home"(293).

6.5. Situational Archetype

6.5.1. The Task

6.5.1.1. "driven so completely off course he never found it again"

6.6. Specialized Skill

6.6.1. Smart and quick-thinking

6.6.1.1. "wily cunning, his shrewdness, and his cunning" (294

6.7. Heroic Archetype

6.7.1. Hero as a Warrior

6.7.1.1. "Year after year he voyaged, hurried form one perilous adventure to another" (294)

6.8. Reflection of Culture

6.8.1. Greeks seem to value strength, but also intelligence. Athena took favor in him and he was one of the most well known heroes in Greece.

6.9. Hamartia (Tragic Flaw)

6.9.1. None