MODAL VERBS

-Angel Madrid 27.260.314 [email protected] -Valerie Ramos 26.708.605 [email protected] -Andrea Cepeda 27.260.490 [email protected]

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MODAL VERBS by Mind Map: MODAL VERBS

1. Use of modal verbs

1.1. Can: Indicates possibility, permission and know. Used in present sentences Examples Possibility I can go to your party. I can not go to your party. I can go to your party / I can not go to your party Permission Can I use your pen? Can I use your pen? To know I can drive very well. He knows how to handle very well. Must: used to mean obligation, duty You must study / You must study May: means possibility It may rain Also permission with extreme respect May I eat in? / I can pass? Should: used to give advice You should study

2. May y Might

2.1. *It May be the best leave it tomorrow. (Sería lo mejor dejarlo mañana) *Well, the class has finished. You may go home. (Bueno, la clase ha terminado. Pueden irse a casa).

2.2. WILL AND SHALL Remember I will help you. (recuerda que te ayudaré)

2.3. If your PC fails again, you shall know what to do (Si tu PC falla de nuevo ya sabes que hacer)

3. EXAMPLES

3.1. CAN AND COULD

3.2. I can dance (puedo bailar)

3.3. If you need, Carry can work on Saturday (si lo necesitas, Carry puede trabajar el sábado)

3.4. I can’t go to the town tomorrow (No puedo ir al centro mañana)

4. Modal verbs are auxiliary verbs that can not function as a main verb, as opposed to the auxiliary verbs "be", "do" and "have" that can function as a main verb. Modal verbs express modality, ability, possibility, necessity or other condition. We use them for the future and the conditional. As complementary verbs that are, modal verbs do not work without another verb. This other verb always goes after the modal verb and is in the base form (the infinitive without "to"). Modal verbs are not conjugated and do not have time.

5. DIFFERENCES

5.1. The modal verbs, however, are auxiliary verbps that indicate "modality", that is, they add a specific meaning to the main verb. They are not real verbs, they are special because they do not conjugate nor do they need other auxiliaries to form the negative or interrogative. The modal verbs are: can, could, may, might, must, will, ought to, shall, should, would. Here are some examples: -She may come to the party. She may not come to the party. No "She mays come to the party. Modal verbs do not conjugate, therefore they do not carry third-person singular. -Can she play football? Can she play soccer? In "Does she play football?" Modal verbs do not carry other auxiliaries to do the interrogative. "I should not eat so many sweets. He should not eat so many sweets. "He does not have to eat so many sweets," they do not have other helpers to do the refusal, they just add "not."

6. Should y Ough to *We should have a picnic (Deberíamos tener un día de campo) *You ought to work so late (No deberías trabajar tan tarde

7. Must and have toI must wake up earlier. (Debo levantarme más temprano)

8. Angel Madrid 27.260.314 Valerie Ramos 26.708.605 Andrea Cepeda 27.260.490