Symptoms

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Symptoms by Mind Map: Symptoms

1. Diagnostic Tests

1.1. Blood Test

1.1.1. Osmolality Blood Test

1.1.1.1. Measure of the solvents within a given volume of a solvent

1.1.1.2. Tests the water balance in the blood serum; tests sodium concentration; tests for toxins

1.1.1.3. Testing for abnormalities

1.1.1.3.1. High water concentration

1.1.1.3.2. Low sodium concentration

1.1.1.4. Blood Test

1.1.2. Sodium Blood Test

1.1.2.1. tests sodium concentration within the blood

1.1.2.1.1. Low sodium concentration

1.1.2.1.2. Enough/too much sodium

1.2. Urine Sample

1.2.1. Urine Osmolality

1.2.1.1. Measures the amount of solvents found within a given volume of urine

1.2.1.2. Tests water balance and sodium concentration primarily

1.2.1.2.1. High water concentration

1.2.1.2.2. Low sodium concentration

1.2.1.2.3. No abnormalities

1.2.1.3. Urine Sample

1.2.2. Urine Sodium

1.2.2.1. tests sodium concentration within the urine

1.2.2.1.1. Low sodium concentration

1.2.2.1.2. Enough/too much sodium

2. Nausea

3. Vomiting

4. Headache

5. Confusion

6. Lethargy

7. Fatigue

8. Appetite Loss

9. Restlessness

10. Irritability

11. Muscle Weakness

12. Spasms/Cramps/Seizures

13. Coma

14. Thirst

15. Diagnostic Tests

15.1. Urine and blood samples are taken from patients during a water deprivation test, in which patients may not drink water for the duration of the test.

15.2. Urine Sample

15.2.1. Urine Osmolality

15.2.1.1. tests sodium concentration in urine

15.2.1.1.1. High sodium concentration

15.2.1.1.2. Low sodium concentration

15.2.1.2. tests water balance

15.2.1.2.1. concentrated urine (low water content)

15.2.1.2.2. diluted urine (high water content)

15.2.2. Electrolytes

15.2.2.1. Low electrolyte levels

15.2.2.2. High electrolyte levels

15.2.3. Typical Volume of Urine

15.2.3.1. normal to large volume

15.2.3.1.1. Central Diabetes Insipidus

15.2.3.2. Small volume

15.3. Blood Sample

15.3.1. ADH volume

15.3.1.1. high or normal ADH levels

15.3.1.2. low ADH

15.3.2. Electrolyte levels (potassium & salt)

15.3.2.1. high electrolyte levels

15.3.2.2. low electrolytes levels

15.4. Magnetic Resonance Imaging

15.4.1. an MRI is necessary to find any other diseases present that may be the cause of CDI (ex.prolactinoma, histiocytosis, syphilis, tuberculosis or other tumor or granuloma can affect pituitary function)

16. Excessive Urination