Explorers and Conquerers

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Explorers and Conquerers by Mind Map: Explorers and Conquerers

1. Central America

1.1. Hernán Cortés

1.1.1. Spanish conquistador traveled to Central America

1.1.2. Conquered the Aztec Empire

1.1.2.1. Claimed land for Spain

1.1.3. His expedition was recalled, which he ignored

1.1.3.1. Was later awarded, disregarding his mutiny

1.2. Christopher Columbus

1.2.1. Italian explorer, very well-known

1.2.2. Given resources and permission by Spain to make voyages

1.2.2.1. Made four voyages to the New World

1.2.2.2. His boats were the Niña, Pinta, and Santa María

1.2.2.3. Intended to reach East Indies in Asia

1.2.2.4. Founded transatlantic slave trade and accused of genocide

2. Other Regions

2.1. Vasco Núñez de Balboa

2.1.1. First European to discover the Pacific Ocean

2.1.2. Landed in Panama

2.1.2.1. Founded first permanent European settlement in the Americas

2.1.2.1.1. Named Santa María la Antigua del Darién

2.1.3. Inspired by Christopher Columbus

2.1.4. Tried to create separate government in South Sea

2.1.4.1. Executed by Pizarro's soldiers

3. South America

3.1. Francisco Pizarro

3.1.1. Spanish conquistador traveled to South America with Nuñez

3.1.1.1. Embarked upon three separate expeditions

3.1.2. Conquered the Inca Empire

3.1.2.1. Claimed land for Spain

3.1.2.2. Killed Incan emperor, Atahualpa

3.1.3. Assassinated by supporters of conquistador, Diego de Almagro

3.2. Amerigo Vespucci

3.2.1. Italian explorer, navigator, and cartographer

3.2.2. Discovered that the Americas were not Asia

3.2.2.1. The Americas were named after him

3.2.2.2. People rejected this idea to support Columbus

3.2.3. Explored Brazil and the West Indies

3.2.3.1. Traveled by invitation of king of Portugal