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TARGET WORDS by Mind Map: TARGET WORDS

1. Unit 1: Underground house

1.1. assume/əˈsjuːm/ (v)

1.1.1. inf: believe sth to be true without proof

1.1.2. eg: For some reason they assumed this would be won by the Conservatives.

1.1.3. syn: presume, suppose

1.2. create/kriːˈeɪt/ (v)

1.2.1. inf: Bring (something) into existence.

1.2.2. eg: Over 170 jobs were created

1.2.3. syn: generate, establish

1.3. emerge/ɪˈməːdʒ/ (v)

1.3.1. inf: Move out of or away from something and become visible.

1.3.2. eg: black ravens emerged from the fog

1.3.3. syn: come out, appear

1.4. environment /ɪnˈvaɪrənmənt/ (n)

1.4.1. inf: the conditions that affect the behaviour and development of somebody/something; the physical conditions that somebody/something exists in

1.4.2. eg: An unhappy home environment can affect a child's behaviour.

1.4.3. syn: setting, surroundings, background

1.5. ethnic /ˈeθnɪk/ (adj)

1.5.1. inf: connected with or belonging to a nation, race or people that shares a cultural tradition

1.5.2. eg: The country is divided along ethnic lines.

1.5.3. syn: racial

1.6. liberal /ˈlɪbərəl/ (adj)

1.6.1. inf: giving or given in large amounts/ generous way

1.6.2. eg: She is very liberal with her money.

1.6.3. syn: lavish

1.7. locate /ləʊˈkeɪt/ (v)

1.7.1. inf: find the exact position of somebody/something

1.7.2. eg: he mechanic located the fault immediately.

1.7.3. syn: find, trace, discover

1.8. predict /prɪˈdɪkt/ (v)

1.8.1. inf: say that something will happen in the future

1.8.2. eg: Nobody could predict the outcome.

1.8.3. syn: forecast

1.9. similar /ˈsɪmələ(r)/ (adj)

1.9.1. inf: like somebody/something but not exactly the same

1.9.2. eg: The brothers look very similar

1.9.3. syn: alike

1.10. structure/ˈstrʌktʃə(r)/ (n)

1.10.1. the way in which the parts of something are connected together, arranged or organized; a particular arrangement of parts

1.10.2. the structure of the building is stable

1.10.3. framework, form, composition, construction, fabric

1.11. technique (n)/tekˈniːk/

1.11.1. a particular way of doing something, especially one in which you have to learn special skills

1.11.2. The artist combines different techniques in the same painting

1.11.3. method, system

1.12. unique (adj)/juˈniːk/

1.12.1. being the only one of its kind

1.12.2. Everyone's fingerprints are unique.

1.12.3. sole, single

2. unit 4: How could they do that?

2.1. adequate (adj)/ˈædɪkwət/

2.1.1. enough in quantity, or good enough in quality, for a particular purpose or need

2.1.2. The room was small but adequate.

2.1.3. sufficient, ample, enough

2.2. author (n) /ˈɔːθə(r)/

2.2.1. a person who writes books or the person who wrote a particular book

2.2.2. He is the author of three books on art.

2.2.3. writer, novelist

2.3. debate (n) /dɪˈbeɪt/

2.3.1. a formal discussion of an issue at a public meeting or in a parliament. In a debate two or more speakers express opposing views and then there is often a vote on the issue.

2.3.2. The motion under debate (= being discussed) was put to a vote.

2.3.3. conversation dialogue talk debate consultation chat gossip

2.4. depress verb BrE /dɪˈpres/

2.4.1. make somebody sad and without enthusiasm or hope

2.4.2. The prospect of staying single depressed her.

2.4.3. sadden, dishearten

2.5. indicate verb BrE /ˈɪndɪkeɪt/

2.5.1. show that something is true or exists

2.5.2. A yellowing of the skin indicates jaundice.

2.5.3. show, point at

2.6. invest (v) /ɪnˈvest/

2.6.1. buy property, shares in a company, etc. in the hope of making a profit

2.6.2. Now is a good time to invest in the property market.

2.6.3. devote

2.7. text (n) /tekst/

2.7.1. the main printed part of a book or magazine, not the notes, pictures, etc.

2.7.2. My job is to lay out the text and graphics on the page.

2.7.3. manuscript, transcript

2.8. volume (n) /ˈvɒljuːm/

2.8.1. the amount of space that an object or a substance fills; the amount of space that a container has

2.8.2. How do you measure the volume of a gas?

2.8.3. quantity, amount, degree

3. unit 3: Who are you, really?

3.1. analyze (v) /ˈænəlaɪz/

3.1.1. examine the nature or structure of something, especially by separating it into its parts, in order to understand or explain it

3.2. anticipate (v) /ænˈtɪsɪpeɪt/

3.2.1. expect something

3.2.2. Our anticipated arrival time is 8.30.

3.2.3. do in advance

3.3. data (n) /ˈdeɪtə/

3.3.1. facts or information, especially when examined and used to find out things or to make decisions

3.3.2. This data was collected from 69 countries.

3.3.3. information, statistics

3.4. device (n)/dɪˈvaɪs/

3.4.1. an object or a piece of equipment that has been designed to do a particular job

3.4.2. This device enables deaf people to communicate by typing messages instead of speaking.

3.4.3. machine, tool

3.5. federal (adj)/ˈfedərəl/

3.5.1. having a system of government in which the individual states of a country have control over their own affairs, but are controlled by a central government for national decisions, etc.

3.5.2. California is federal

3.5.3. central, state, national

3.6. involve (v) /ɪnˈvɒlv/

3.6.1. if a situation, an event or an activity involves something, that thing is an important or necessary part or result of it

3.6.2. Many of the crimes involved drugs.

3.6.3. synonym entail

3.7. justify (v) /ˈdʒʌstɪfaɪ/

3.7.1. show that somebody/something is right or reasonable

3.7.2. Her success had justified the faith her teachers had put in her.

3.7.3. synonym defend

3.8. legal (adj)/ˈliːɡl/

3.8.1. allowed or required by law

3.8.2. The driver was more than three times over the legal limit

3.8.3. lawful, permissible

3.9. monitor (n) /ˈmɒnɪtə(r)/

3.9.1. a television screen used to show particular kinds of information; a screen that shows information from a computer

3.9.2. The details of today's flights are displayed on the monitor.

3.9.3. screen, display

4. unit 2: The business of branding

4.1. convert (v) /kənˈvɜːt/

4.1.1. to change or make something change from one form, purpose, system, etc. to another

4.1.2. The hotel is going to be converted into a nursing home.

4.1.3. change, renovate

4.2. finance (n)/ˈfaɪnæns/

4.2.1. money used to run a business, an activity or a project

4.2.2. Finance for education comes from taxpayers.

4.2.3. money, economics

4.3. label (n)/ˈleɪbl/

4.3.1. a piece of paper, etc. that is attached to something and that gives information about it

4.3.2. The washing instructions are on the label.

4.3.3. synonym tag, ticket

4.4. medium (adj)/ˈmiːdiəm/

4.4.1. in the middle between two sizes, amounts, lengths, temperatures, etc.

4.4.2. There are three sizes—small, medium and large.

4.4.3. syn: average

4.5. register (v)/ˈredʒɪstə(r)/

4.5.1. record your/somebody’s/something’s name on an official list

4.5.2. The ship was registered in Panama.

4.5.3. list, record

4.6. symbol (n) /ˈsɪmbl/

4.6.1. a person, an object, an event, etc. that represents a more general quality or situation

4.6.2. White has always been a symbol of purity in Western cultures.

4.6.3. indication symptom symbol indicator signal

4.7. theme (n) /θiːm/

4.7.1. the subject or main idea in a talk, piece of writing or work of art

4.7.2. North American literature is the main theme of this year's festival.

4.7.3. subject, topic