French & Indian War

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French & Indian War by Mind Map: French & Indian War

1. In 1748, at the age of sixteen, George Washington ventured into the Western reaches of Virginia to survey lands in the Shenandoah Valley and along the South Branch of the Potomac River for Lord Fairfax.

2. In May 19, 1749, The Ohio Company formed as a land speculation company made up of planters from Virginia's northern Neck, including Lawrence Washington, George Washington's older half-brother.

3. 1753,French fort building in the Ohio country started

4. 1754, MAY 28,Washington's troops, aided by allied Native American under the command of Tanacharison, attack a party of French soldiers led by Joseph Coulon de Villiers, Sieur de Jumonville.

5. 1754, JULY 3 Washington surrenders. At 11 a.m. the French forces surrounding Washington's position attack Fort Necessity under the leadership of Captain Louis Coulon de Villiers, Jumonville's older brother. By 8 p.m. the French offer terms for surrender that Washington and his fellow officers agree to.

5.1. .

6. 1756, MAY 15 Great Britain Declares War. Although the fighting in America had been ongoing since 1754, Great Britain formally declared war on France in 1756. This marked the beginning of what would become known in Europe as the Seven Years' War.

7. After years of fighting, the 1763 Treaty of Paris officially ended hostilities between France and Great Britain. The treaty ceded France's lands in Upper Canada and Louisiana east of the Mississippi to Great Britain, and it's holdings west of the Mississippi River to Spain.

8. The Ohio Company formed as a land speculation company made up of planters from Virginia's northern Neck, including Lawrence Washington, George Washington's older half-brother.

9. Due in part to his experience surveying on the frontier, as well as his ties to the powerful Fairfax family, Virginia Governor Robert Dinwiddie selected George Washington to undertake an arduous journey to the French forts in the Ohio Valley.

10. 1753, OCTOBER 31 Washington becomes an emissary

11. 1753, NOVEMBER 14 Washington hires Christopher Gist as his Guid

12. 1753, DECEMBER 11 Washington reaches Fort LeBoeuf

13. 1754, JANUARY 16 Washington returns to Williamsburg

13.1. Washington returns to Williamsburg

14. 1754, MAY 28 Washington's troops, aided by allied Native American under the command of Tanacharison, attack a party of French soldiers led by Joseph Coulon de Villiers, Sieur de Jumonville.

15. 1754, JUNE 3 Fort Necessity is completed

16. 1754, OCTOBER Following the defeat at Fort Necessity, Governor Dinwiddie attempted to reorganize the Virginia Regiment as a series of separate companies.

17. 1755, APRIL 23 Determined to capture Fort Duquesne and the forks of the Ohio once and for all, British regulars under the command of Major General Edward Braddock concentrated in Alexandria, Virginia before leaving for the frontier in April 1755.

18. 1755, JULY 9 Braddock's forces, nearing their target of Fort Duquesne, are surprised and routed by a much smaller force of French and their allied Native Americans.

19. 1755, AUGUST 14 George Washington returns to lead Virginia

20. 1756, MAY 15 Great Britain formally declared war on France in 1756. This marked the beginning of what would become known in Europe as the Seven Years' War.