Teaching, Learning and Development

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Teaching, Learning and Development by Mind Map: Teaching, Learning and Development

1. skills learned in early school year critical for later achievement expectations

2. result in effective process

2.1. excellent instruction

2.2. enhanced student learning

2.3. exemplary enviornment

3. common place for education

3.1. teacher

3.2. classroom

3.3. student

3.4. curriculum

4. reflective practitioners

4.1. Open minded, flexible to change

4.2. Reflect on their practice

4.3. Assess teaching effects

4.4. self inquiry crucial

5. Stop stealing dreams video

5.1. Education system should be reformed

5.1.1. I personally found this video inspiring and beneficial. I liked how he clearly stated all these myths that are based about school and how to challenge and change them. For instance, the concept of having a "number one" university is superficial.

5.2. what is school for?

5.3. Myths surrounding school

6. week one: planning for an upcoming school year

7. week two: considering developmental differences

7.1. What is development?

7.1.1. physical, cognitive and social changes

7.1.2. learning becomes organized

7.1.3. behavior becomes adaptable

7.2. principles of development

7.2.1. development follows orderly fashion

7.2.2. gradual process but doesn't occur in constant rate

7.2.3. quantitative and qualitative changes

7.2.4. people develop at different rates

7.2.5. results from genetics and enviornment

7.3. physical/biological development

7.3.1. educators have no control over this

7.3.2. Understand that certain physical changes interact with cognitive and social changes

7.3.3. During early childhood years and puberty

7.4. cognitive

8. week three: views of behavior: cognitive, behavioral, social, constructivist

8.1. behavioral

8.1.1. behavior occurs given right environment

8.1.2. behavior more or less likely to occur based on consequences

8.1.3. rewards and punishments

8.2. cognitive

8.2.1. emphasize role of mental processes

8.2.2. process information in a meaningful way

8.2.3. relate learning to wider context

8.2.4. "deeper learning"

8.2.5. detail not important, principles are

8.3. constructivist

8.3.1. equate learning to meaning

8.3.2. active role in learning process

8.3.3. Meaningful contexts help students construct knowledge based on own knowledge

8.3.4. Example: debating controversial topics, real world activities

9. week four: establishing a positive learning environment

9.1. Rita Pierson TED talk

9.2. Resilient Students

9.2.1. Students’ sense of belonging supports educational bases on motivaition and learning

9.2.2. Resilient students possess : good self esteem, optimism, personal growth, connection, motivation to learn and discipline

9.3. Classroom management

9.3.1. teachers need to undertake actions for classroom management

9.4. Dynamic Classroom enviornment

9.4.1. develop relationships with/among students

9.4.2. Organize instructions to optimize students’ access to learning

9.4.3. Group management methods that encourage students to participate in academic tasks

9.4.4. Promote development of students’ social skills and self regulations

9.4.5. Use of intervention to assist students with behavioral problems

10. week five: making instructional decisions

10.1. Bloom's taxonomy

10.1.1. knowledge

10.1.2. comprehension

10.1.3. application

10.1.4. analysis

10.1.5. synthesis

10.1.6. evaluation

10.2. inquiry based learning

10.2.1. exploration and intervention

10.2.2. teacher is leader and coach

10.2.3. students explain/design own tasks

10.3. problem based learning

10.3.1. identifying problems and activating prior knowledge

10.3.2. teacher is facilitator

10.3.3. student determines if problem exists and identifying information

10.4. universal instructional design

10.4.1. instruction takes in need of all children

10.4.2. makes it easy for all students to understand

10.5. letting students hack lesson plan video

10.5.1. student construct own learning

10.5.2. video chat from different countries

10.5.2.1. I did this while I was teaching kindergarten abroad in Istanbul, Turkey. We connected with a school in America and my students made a video where they talked about various aspects of turkish culture such as food, holidays, dances, etc. The American school did the same and we exchanged videos. It was an amazing way for the students to learn about different cultures.

10.5.3. students create assessment activities

10.5.4. "differentiated instruction" content provided in different learning styles

11. week seven: individual differences

11.1. include students with exceptionalities

11.1.1. behavior, communication, intellectual, physical disability and multiple

11.1.2. As educators you must: examine own beliefs, work with school team, use variety of instructional methods and extend inclusion to whole school

11.2. UDL: Principles and practice

11.2.1. accommodates marginalized students

11.2.2. includes students with disabilities and dont speak english but also gifted students

11.2.3. access to curriculum for ALL students

11.2.4. design flexible in allowing choices

11.3. Differentiated instuction

11.3.1. To recognize Students’ different levels of background knowledge, language ability and learning preference

11.3.2. adapt instructions to suit individual differences

11.3.2.1. I believe that as an educator, it is so important to realize that every child learns differently. Thus, different methods and strategies can be presented in the classroom to accommodate learning styles.

11.3.3. What can be differentiated? The process, content, products and affects/environments of learning

12. week eight: socio-cultural considerations

12.1. diverse learners

12.1.1. Teachers should use knowledge about the social, cultural backgrounds of students when planning instructions since academic achievement of students increase

12.1.1.1. I believe that as an educator, it is extremely important to take into account the diversity that is presented in the classroom. This will help me plan my lessons and instructions.

12.1.1.2. I came across this video the other day and it made me smile. It celebrate diversity across the world

12.2. diversity in school

12.2.1. language

12.2.2. aboriginal people

12.2.3. same sex couples

12.2.4. newcomers

12.2.5. visible minorities

12.2.6. one parent family

12.2.7. religion practiced

12.3. stereotype threat

12.3.1. Fear that ones behavior will confirm an existing negative stereotype of your identity group

12.3.2. leads to discrimination and prejudice

12.4. socio economic status

12.4.1. poverty biggest risk for childs education

12.5. effects of parenting style

12.5.1. authoritarian

12.5.2. permissive

12.5.3. authoritative

12.6. aboriginal education

12.6.1. includes risk factors and protective factors

13. week nine: end of school year

13.1. Standardized testing

13.1.1. for

13.1.1.1. comparison across schools

13.1.1.2. assess system

13.1.1.3. assess accountability

13.1.1.4. evaluate curricula

13.1.2. against

13.1.2.1. narrowing curriculum

13.1.2.2. lost students

13.1.2.2.1. Personally, I am against standardized testing. Everyone learns differently and it is unfair to mark everyone in one basic way. It doesn't determine a students' intelligence.

13.1.2.3. student disengagement

13.1.2.4. no linguistic or other differences

13.1.2.5. doesn't enhance student learning

13.1.3. consider

13.1.3.1. situational/environmental factors

13.1.3.2. personal/emotional factors

13.1.3.3. grade spread requirement

14. week six: knowing that the students know

14.1. Understanding by Desgin

14.1.1. teach and assess for understanding and transfer

14.1.2. whats worth understanding

14.1.3. larger transferable processes and big ideas

14.1.4. assess for understanding

14.1.5. "backward design" planning backwards

14.2. How people learn: Knowledge centered

14.2.1. build bridge from prior knowledge to new concepts

14.2.2. foster understanding and building skills

14.2.3. students ask questions and share ideas

14.3. Assessment centered

14.3.1. concept behind knowledge emphasized

14.3.2. build self assessment skills

14.3.3. opportunity to show improvement

14.4. Community centered

14.4.1. respectful learning environment

14.4.2. mastering content