Javanese Quran

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Javanese Quran by Mind Map: Javanese Quran

1. Inferences

1.1. Inference: It took a long time to write

1.1.1. Evidence: Diacritic marks are present

1.1.1.1. Explanation: Arabic is an abjad with optional diacritics to indicate vowels. People do not usually write them. Because the writer bothered to use them, they had a significant amount of time.

1.1.1.1.1. An abjad is a writing system where each glyph represents a consonant. Vowels are not written.

1.2. Inference: It was well treated

1.2.1. Evidence: No apparent damage

1.2.1.1. Explanation: If people took well care of it, no damage would be apparent.

1.3. Inference: It is written in verse

1.3.1. Evidence: Lines are short

1.3.1.1. Explanation: Unlike in prose, verse is specifically divided into lines, which are usually shorter than the non-specific lines in prose.

1.4. Inference: It is old

1.4.1. Evidence: The pages are yellow and the spine (from what we can see) is a bit degraded.

1.4.1.1. Explanation: With time, book pages get yellow and the spine wears away.

1.5. Inference: It was meant to be visually impressive

1.5.1. Evidence: A lot of decoration, not written hastily

1.5.1.1. Explanation: When a book is decorated a lot and written very carefully, it is usually to be impressive.

1.6. Inference: It was very important

1.6.1. Evidence: It was decorated, took a long time to write, treated well and meant to be visually impressive

1.6.1.1. Explanation: When a book is written with a lot of effort and read and kept with a lot of effort, there is something about that book common to both the writers (authors or copyists), decorators and readers. That thing is the importance of the book.

2. Relevant Facts

2.1. Uses the Malay-Indonesian Archipelago style of decoration

2.2. Decorated double spreads at beginning and end

2.3. Origin: Surakarta, Java, Indonesia. Late 19th or early 20th Century

2.4. Uses paper, Ink Pigments and Leather Binding

2.5. Plaque: "Calligraphy is often regarded as the quintessential form of muslim art"

2.6. Plaque: "Both books feature a distinctively Chinese Arabic script called Sini that was inspired by the tapering brushstrokes in traditional Chinese calligraphy."

3. Civilization Inferences

3.1. Inference: The muslim culture blended with other cultures

3.1.1. Evidence: The Arabic script was adapted by the Chinese to resemble Chinese calligraphy; Qurans made in China are decorated in a special style, blending Chinese and Muslim styles of decorating; Qurans made in Indonesia are decorated in a special style.

3.1.1.1. Explanation: As Islam spread around the world, the people who converted did not completely assimilate the art and writing that came with Islam. They kept their previous customs while adjusting them arcording to their new religion.

3.2. Inference: Writing has an extremely important place in muslim culture

3.2.1. Evidence: Plaque: "Calligraphy is often regarded as the quintessential form of muslim art"

3.2.1.1. Explanation: Writing was so important to Muslims that it managed to get important in many other disciplines such as art