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1. Grading Plan

1.1. Final exam

1.2. Exercises

1.3. Attendance

2. 4. energy (n) /ˈenədʒi/

2.1. vigor, vigour, zip

2.2. the ability to put effort and enthusiasm into an activity, work, etc.

2.3. He never seems to lack energy.

3. 3. core (n) /kɔː(r)/

3.1. center, centre, essence, gist, heart, heart and soul, inwardness, kernel, marrow, meat, nitty-gritty, nub, pith, substance, sum1

3.2. the hard central part of a fruit such as an apple, that contains the seeds

3.3. The standards of housing and education are often lower in the older urban cores (= the centres of towns or cities).

4. 1. Assist (v) /əˈsɪst/

4.1. syn: aid, assist, help

4.2. def: to help somebody to do something

4.3. eg: Anyone willing to assist can contact this number.

5. 2. coherent (adj)/kəʊˈhɪərənt/

5.1. consistent, logical, ordered

5.2. (of ideas, thoughts, arguments, etc.) logical and well organized; easy to understand and clear

5.3. She gave a clear, coherent account to the court.

6. 5. ensure (v) /ɪnˈʃʊə(r)/

6.1. assure, guarantee, insure, secure guarantee, vouch

6.2. to make sure that something happens or is definite

6.3. The book ensured his success.

7. 6. exhibit (v) /ɪɡˈzɪbɪt/

7.1. display, expose

7.2. to show something in a public place for people to enjoy or to give them information

7.3. He exhibits regularly in local art galleries.

8. 7. interval (n) /ˈɪntəvl/

8.1. separation

8.2. a period of time between two events

8.3. He knocked on the door and after a brief interval it was opened.

9. 8. orient (v) /ˈɔːrient/

9.1. eastern hemisphere

9.2. to direct somebody/something towards something; to make or adapt somebody/something for a particular purpose

9.3. Our students are oriented towards science subjects.

10. 9. phenomenon (n) /fəˈnɒmɪnən/

10.1. occurrence, fact, experience

10.2. a fact or an event in nature or society, especially one that is not fully understood

10.3. Globalization is a phenomenon of the 21st century.

11. 10. previous (adj) /ˈpriːviəs/

11.1. prior

11.2. happening or existing before the event or object that you are talking about

11.3. No previous experience is necessary for this job.

12. 11. reinforce (v)/ˌriːɪnˈfɔːs/

12.1. reward

12.2. to make a feeling, an idea, etc. stronger

12.3. The climate of political confusion has only reinforced the country's economic decline.

13. 12. route (n) /ruːt/

13.1. itinerary, path

13.2. a way that you follow to get from one place to another

13.3. Motorists are advised to find an alternative route.

14. 13. section (n) /ˈsekʃn/

14.1. segment

14.2. any of the parts into which something is divided

14.3. The library has a large biology section.

15. 14. strategy (n) /ˈstrætədʒi/

15.1. scheme

15.2. a plan that is intended to achieve a particular purpose

15.3. the government’s economic strategy