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Lung Cancer by Mind Map: Lung Cancer

1. Pathophiology

1.1. Non-Small Cell

1.1.1. Adenocarcinoma

1.1.1.1. Accounts for 40% of lung cancers

1.1.1.2. Occurs Mainly in smokers but is also found in non-somkers.

1.1.1.3. more common in women than man

1.1.1.4. Tends to grow slower

1.1.2. Squmous Cell Carcinoma

1.1.2.1. Accounts for 25%-30% of Non-small lung cancers

1.1.2.2. eraly version starts in squamous cells

1.1.2.3. linked to history of smoking

1.1.2.4. found commonly near main airway

1.1.3. Large Cell Carcinoma

1.1.3.1. Accounts for 10%-15% of Non-small lung cancer

1.1.3.2. can appear in any part of the lung

1.1.3.3. spreads quickly

1.1.3.4. similar to small cell

1.2. Small Cell

1.2.1. accounts for 10%-15% of lung cancers

1.2.2. also called Oat Cell Cancer

1.2.3. Two main types, Small Cell and Combined Small Cell

1.2.4. Mostly cuased from somking

1.3. Lung Carcinoid Tumor

1.3.1. Accounts for less then 5% of all lung Cancers

1.3.2. grows slowly and rarely spread

1.3.3. Are Uncommon

1.3.4. Made up of cells called Neuroendocrinecells

2. Types

2.1. Non-Small Cell

2.2. Small Cell

2.3. Lung Carciniod

3. Cause/ Riskfactors

3.1. Non-Small Cell

3.1.1. Smoking

3.1.2. Exposure to Radon and Asbestos

3.1.3. Diesel Exhaust

3.1.4. Second hand somke

3.1.5. Acquired genetic changes

3.1.6. Arsenic in Drinking Water

3.2. Small Cell

3.2.1. Smoking

3.2.2. Exposure to Radon

3.2.3. Second hand smoke

3.2.4. Diesel Exhaust

3.2.5. Air pollution

3.2.6. Asbestos

3.2.7. Gene changes and Inherited Gene changes

3.2.8. Exposure to Uranium

3.2.9. Inhaled Chemicals

3.3. Lung Carcinoid

3.3.1. Not much is known

3.3.2. believed to be from tiny neuroendocrine clusters

3.3.3. Possible chromosomal and genetic changes

3.3.4. People with multiple endocrine neoplsia type 1 have increased risk for Carciniod

3.3.5. Occurs more in women

3.3.6. usually found in people 60 years and older

3.3.7. Tobacco smoke

4. Diagnostic tests

4.1. Non-Small Cell

4.1.1. PET Scan

4.1.2. CT Scan

4.1.3. MRI

4.1.4. Needle Aspiration and Biopsy

4.1.5. Thoracentesis

4.1.6. Thoracotomy

4.1.7. Molecular testing for tumor

4.1.7.1. EGFR

4.1.7.2. ALK

4.1.7.3. BRAF

4.1.7.4. HER2

4.1.7.5. ROS1

4.1.7.6. RET

4.1.7.7. PD-L1

4.2. Small Cell

4.2.1. Biopsy

4.2.2. Sputum

4.2.3. Bronchoscopy

4.2.4. Thoracentesis

4.2.5. Mediastinoscopy

4.2.6. CT Scan

4.2.7. PET Scan

4.2.8. MRI

4.3. Lung Carcinoid

4.3.1. CT scan

4.3.2. Chest X-ray

4.3.3. Radionuclide Scans

4.3.4. Sputum Cytology

4.3.5. Biposy

5. Treatmnets

5.1. Non-Small Cell

5.1.1. Sugery

5.1.2. Radiofrequency Ablation

5.1.3. Radiation Thearapy

5.1.4. Chemotherapy

5.1.5. Immunotherapy

5.2. Small Cell

5.2.1. Chemotherapy

5.2.2. Radiation Therapy

5.2.3. Surgery to remove cancer and effected tissues

5.3. Lung Carcinoid

5.3.1. Surgery

5.3.2. Chemotherapy

5.3.3. Radiation Therapy