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4th ESO Grammar Review af Mind Map: 4th ESO Grammar Review

1. REPORTED SPEECH

1.1. PERSONAL PRONOUNS

1.1.1. I---HE/SHE

1.1.2. WE---THEY

1.1.3. YOU---HE/SHE/HIM/HER

1.1.4. ME---HIM/HER

1.1.5. US---THEM

1.2. DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS

1.2.1. THIS---THAT

1.2.2. THESE---THOSE

1.3. TIME EXPRESSIONS

1.3.1. TODAY--THAT DAY

1.3.2. TONIGHT--THAT NIGHT

1.3.3. THIS MORNING--THAT MORNING

1.3.4. TOMORROW--THE FOLLOWING DAY

1.3.5. YESTERDAY--THE PREVIOUS DAY

1.3.6. NEXT WEEK--THE FOLLOWING DAY

1.3.7. LAST WEEK--THE PREVIOUS WEEK

1.4. TENSE CHANGES

1.4.1. PRESENT SIMPLE-- PAST SIMPLE

1.4.2. PRESENT CONTINUOUS-- PAST CONTINUOUS

1.4.3. PRESENT PERFECT -- PAST PERFECT

1.4.4. PAST SIMPLE-- PAST PERFECT

1.4.5. PAST CONTINUOUS --PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS

1.4.6. WILL -- WOULD

1.4.7. CAN-- COULD

1.4.8. MAY-- MIGHT

1.4.9. MUST--HAD TO

2. MODALS

2.1. ABILITY

2.1.1. CAN / COULD

2.2. PERMISSION

2.2.1. CAN / COULD / MAY

2.3. ADVICE

2.3.1. SHOULD

2.4. OBLIGATION

2.4.1. MUST / HAVE TO

2.5. POSSIBILITY

2.5.1. MIGHT / MAY / COULD / CAN

3. CONDITIONALS

3.1. ZERO CONDITIONAL: IF PRESENT SIMPLE + PRESENT SIMPLE

3.2. 1ST CONDITIONAL: IF PRESENT SIMPLE, WILL+BASE VERB

3.3. 2ND CONDITIONAL: IF PAST SIMPLE, WOULD+BASE VERB

3.4. 3RD CONDITIONAL: IF PAST PERFECT, WOULD HAVE PAST PERFECT

4. PASSIVES

4.1. VERB CHANGES: TO BE + PAST PERCICIPLE (SAME VERBAL TENSE OF THE ACTIVE SENTENCE)

4.1.1. COLUMBUS DISCOVERED AMERICA IN 1942

4.1.1.1. ACTIVE

4.1.2. AMERICA WAS DISCOVERED BY COLUMBUS IN 1942

4.1.2.1. PASSIVE

5. PRESENT PERFECT - PAST SIMPLE

5.1. SPECIFIC TIMES IN THE PAST

5.1.1. PAST

5.2. UNSPECIFIED TIME IN THE PAST

5.2.1. PRESENT PERFECT

6. FUTURES

6.1. WILL

6.2. TO BE GOING TO

6.3. PRESENT SIMPLE

6.4. PRESENT CONTINUOUS

7. PAST SIMPLE -PAST PERFECT

7.1. PAST ACTION WHICH HAPPENED BEFORE ANOTHER ACTION

7.1.1. PAST PERFECT

7.2. FINISHED ACTION IN THE PAST

7.2.1. PAST SIMPLE