My Foundations of Education

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My Foundations of Education af Mind Map: My Foundations of Education

1. Politics of Education

1.1. Liberal

1.1.1. Equality of Educational Opportunity

1.1.2. Role of the school to develop ones talents, creativity, and sense of self

1.1.3. Respect of Cultural Diversity

1.1.4. Supporters include- John Dewey, JFK, and FDR (page 24)

1.2. Traditional

1.2.1. Balances the needs of society as well as the individual

1.2.2. Hard work, family unity, and individual initiative are necessary to be successful

1.2.3. Supported by Diane Ravitch (Page 27)

2. History of U.S. Education

2.1. The Age of Reform: The Rise of Common School (page 67)

2.1.1. Free Public Education "common school"

2.1.2. Horace Mann of Mass. led the reform

2.1.3. Established a State Board of Education

2.1.4. Established the first school for training teachers

2.1.5. Promoted as "The Great Equalizer of the Conditions of Men"

2.1.5.1. Allowed for the opportunity of social mobility as well as created stability and order

2.2. Interpretation- Conservative Perspective (page 85)

2.2.1. Argues that progressiveness promotes the decline of education standards

2.2.2. Adjustment of traditional curriculum has violated the fundamentals of education

2.2.3. Supported by Diane Ravitch

3. Sociological Perspectives

3.1. Relationship Between School and Society

3.1.1. Independence

3.1.1.1. People learn their are tasks that can only be completed by them and if they don't do it, it doesn't get done.

3.1.2. Achievement

3.1.2.1. People learn that they should perform their tasks to the best of their ability.

3.1.3. Social Norms

3.1.3.1. Robert Dreeben

3.1.3.1.1. Norm and Behavior Analysis-  uses them to account for the differences in norms and behavior conformity

3.1.3.1.2. There is a range of behavior  alternatives relative to any norm

3.2. Three Effects of Schooling

3.2.1. Knowledge and Attitudes

3.2.1.1. Academically oriented schools produce higher rates of learning. (pg. 121)

3.2.1.2. Consistent discipline- achievement levels rise

3.2.2. Employment

3.2.2.1. Higher paying jobs require higher education.

3.2.3. Student Peer Groups and Alienation

3.2.3.1. Careerists

3.2.3.1.1. Middle/Upper Middle Class

3.2.3.1.2. Few academic honors

3.2.3.1.3. Loss of Confidence

3.2.3.1.4. Not intellectually motivated

3.2.3.2. Intellectuals

3.2.3.2.1. Highly educated families

3.2.3.2.2. Usually studies in Humanities

3.2.3.2.3. Politically involved

3.2.3.2.4. Earned many academic honors

3.2.3.3. Strivers

3.2.3.3.1. Working-Class family history

3.2.3.3.2. Ethical or racial minorities

3.2.3.3.3. Work hard- High grade point average

3.2.3.3.4. Graduates with a real sense of accomplishment

3.2.3.4. Unconnected

3.2.3.4.1. From all backgrounds

3.2.3.4.2. Few extracurricular activites

3.2.3.4.3. Least satisfied among all their peers

4. Philosophy of Education

4.1. Pragmatism- Dewey's Pragmatism

4.1.1. Key Researchers

4.1.1.1. George Sanders Peirce

4.1.1.2. William James

4.1.1.3. John Dewey

4.1.1.3.1. Instrumentalism  and Experimentalism

4.1.2. Generic Notations (pg. 188)

4.1.2.1. Attainment of a better society through education.

4.1.2.2. Progressive- based on the needs and interests of the children in the classroom

4.1.2.3. Student participating in planning

4.1.2.4. Group Learning

4.1.2.5. Depends heavily on experimental learning

4.1.3. Role of the Teacher

4.1.3.1. Becomes the facilitator rather than authoritarian.

4.1.3.2. Encourages, offers suggestions, questions, helps plans, and implements courses of study.

4.1.3.3. Writes curriculum and commands several disciplines in order to implement curriculum.

4.1.4. Goal of Education

4.1.4.1. Encourages people to find a process that work in order to achieve their desired ends.

4.1.5. Methods of Instruction

4.1.5.1. Individual study and group learning

4.1.5.2. Focuses on problem-solving/inquiry method of instruction

4.1.5.3. Field trips and projects are utilized to extend learning

4.1.5.4. Learning through nontraditional ways- organized chaos.

4.1.6. Curriculum

4.1.6.1. Core or Integrated Curriculum

4.1.6.1.1. Links all subjects together

4.1.6.1.2. Supports working from the known to the unknown- "The curriculum of expanding environments"

4.1.6.2. No fixed curriculum

4.1.6.2.1. Curriculum changes as the students needs and interests change.

5. Schools and Organizations

6. Curriculum and Pedagogy

7. Equality of Opportunity

8. Educational Inequality

9. Educational Reform