Methods of international transport

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Methods of international transport por Mind Map: Methods of international transport

1. the company has to consider all part of their project is important what has to be distributed including size, weight and which type of goods

2. Destination, countries’ law, value of goods, risk of transport are other elements to be considered and depend on company, country of destination and customers’ requirements.

3. Air transport for international trade: offers numerous advantages for international trade, depending on the requirements. It can: and however, there are the following risks:

3.1. deliver items quickly over long distances

3.2. give high levels of security for sensitive items

3.3. be used for a wide range of goods

3.4. air transport can involve higher costs than other options, and is not suitable for all goods

3.5. flights are subject to delay or cancellation

3.6. there are taxes to be paid in each airport

3.7. fuel and currency surcharges will usually be added to freight costs

3.8. further transportation may be needed from the airport to the final destination

4. Sea transport for international trade: advantages include: and there are also risks for sea transport:

4.1. possibility to ship large volumes at low costs

4.2. shipping containers can also be used for further transportation by road or rail

4.3. shipping by sea can be slower than other transport systems and bad weather can add further delays

4.4. routes and timetables are usually inflexible

4.5. tracking the goods’ progress is difficult

4.6. port duties and taxes

4.7. further transportation overland might be needed to reach the final destination

4.8. basic freight rates are subject to fuel and currency surcharges

5. Road transport for international trade: advantages: and risks for road transport:

5.1. Low cost

5.2. Extensive road networks

5.3. Possibility to schedule transport and tracking the location of goods

5.4. Safe and private delivery

5.5. long distances overland can take more time

5.6. there can be traffic delays and breakdowns

5.7. there is the risk of goods being damaged, especially over long distances

5.8. toll charges are high in some countries

5.9. different road and traffic regulations on some countries

6. Rail transport for international trade: Rail transport is a cost-effective and efficient way to move goods. It offers the following advantages: fast rail network throughout Europe. It is environmentally friendly compared with other transport systems and risks for rail transport:

6.1. routes and timetables available can be inflexible, especially in remote regions

6.2. can be more expensive than road transport

6.3. mechanical failure or industrial action can disrupt services

6.4. further transportation may be needed from a rail depot to the final destination, increasing costs and affecting delivery schedules

7. The international transport of dangerous goods by road is subject to international legislation, in particular the European Agreement on the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR). Also Drivers of vehicles carrying dangerous goods must hold an ADR training certificate in handling dangerous goods and must pass the ADR test. These classes of goods are defined as dangerous: corrosive substances, explosive substances and articles, flammable liquids and solids, gases, oxidizing substances, radioactive substances and toxic substances.