BILINGUALISM AND MULTILINGUALISM

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BILINGUALISM AND MULTILINGUALISM por Mind Map: BILINGUALISM AND MULTILINGUALISM

1. Additive Bilingualism

1.1. An environment conductive for learning of second language does not interfere with first language.

2. Bilingualism is having the ability to speak two language.( though not necessarily perfectly).

2.1. Individual bilingualism

2.1.1. The use of two or more languages by an individual.

2.1.1.1. E.g A person who speak English and spanish

2.2. Societal Bilingualism

2.2.1. The use of two or more language within a given community.

3. Multilingualism is the ability to speak many languages proficiently ( though not necessarily perfectly).

4. Types of bilingualism

4.1. Compound Bilingual

4.1.1. E,g Chain and dog are two word for the same concept for french-English speaker.

4.2. Coordinate Bilingual

4.2.1. Words and phrase in the speakers mind are all related to their own unique concepts.

4.3. Subordinate Bilingual

4.3.1. Are people who learn a second language but need of the first language

5. Advantages of multilingualism

5.1. It creates an opportunity for early diversity

5.2. Improves a person working memory.

5.3. Being multilingual allows for individusl wisdom to develop.

6. Disadvantages of multilingualism

6.1. It is hard to get along with society

6.2. Can lead to fewer relationship.

7. 5 Important variables in relation to bilingualism

7.1. Degree of bilingualism

7.1.1. Degree of bilingualism - Balance bilinguals

7.1.1.1. It refers that they speak both language as native.

7.1.2. Degree of bilingualism- Dominant bilinguals

7.1.2.1. Dominant in one language

7.1.3. Degree of bilingualism - Passive/ Recessive bilinguals.

7.1.3.1. Losing competence in one language

7.1.4. Degree bilingualism- Semilinguals/ Limited bilinguals.

7.1.4.1. Limited proficiency in both language.

7.2. Context of bilingual language acquisition

7.2.1. I

7.2.1.1. Individual who are labeled as limited are usually from lower ses ( social economic status) groups

7.3. Age of acquisition

7.3.1. Sensitive age for language learning: We have a superior language learning capacity early in life which will dissapper or decine with maturation.

7.4. Domain of use of each language

7.4.1. It is a rea of human activity in which one particular speech variety or a combination of several variety is regular used.

7.5. Social orientation

7.5.1. Attitudes of bilinguals toward their bilingual status; Attitudes toward the larger community.

8. Subtractive bilingualism/ differential bilingualism

8.1. Without first language support , the learning of a new language may entail the lost of that first language.