Grammar Tenses

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Grammar Tenses por Mind Map: Grammar Tenses

1. PRESENT FORMS

1.1. Present Simple

1.1.1. Use

1.1.1.1. repeated actions

1.1.1.2. regular habits

1.1.2. Structure

1.1.2.1. Affirmative

1.1.2.1.1. Suject + Verb in infinitive

1.1.2.1.2. I live

1.1.2.2. Negative

1.1.2.2.1. Suject + do(es) + not + verb

1.1.2.2.2. I do not sing

1.1.2.3. Questions

1.1.2.3.1. do(es) + Suject + Verb?

1.1.2.3.2. Do you like music?

1.1.3. Signal Words

1.1.3.1. always, normally, usually often, sometimes, never

1.1.3.2. every day/week/month

1.2. Present Perfect

1.2.1. use

1.2.1.1. experiences

1.2.1.2. Actions that started and ended in the past but whose effect continues in the present

1.2.1.3. Actions that started in the past and have not yet ended in the present

1.2.2. Structure

1.2.2.1. affirmative

1.2.2.1.1. SUBJECT + have / has + PARTICLE VERB

1.2.2.1.2. he has played

1.2.2.2. negative

1.2.2.2.1. SUBJECT + have / has + not + PARTICLE VERB

1.2.2.2.2. He has not played well

1.2.2.3. questions

1.2.2.3.1. Have / has + SUBJECT + PARTICLE VERB?

1.2.2.3.2. have I done?

1.3. Present Continuos

1.3.1. use

1.3.1.1. Cyclical situations in a defined period of time

1.3.1.1.1. I am getting up early this month

1.3.1.2. Actions that are being done at the same time that they are spoken

1.3.1.2.1. I am eating an apple

1.3.2. structure

1.3.2.1. affirmative

1.3.2.1.1. SUBJECT + am / are / is (verb to be) + VERB CON -ING

1.3.2.1.2. I am singing

1.3.2.2. negative

1.3.2.2.1. SUBJECT + am / are / is (verb "to be") + not + VERB CON -ING

1.3.2.2.2. I am not singing

1.3.2.3. questions

1.3.2.3.1. am / are / is + SUBJECT + VERB WITH "-ing"?

1.3.2.3.2. am I singing?

1.4. Present perfect continuous

1.4.1. use

1.4.1.1. to talk about an action that started in the past but continues in the present

1.4.2. structure

1.4.2.1. affirmative

1.4.2.1.1. Subject + ‘to have’ + been + verb + ing

1.4.2.1.2. Harry and Dumbledore have been talking for three hours

1.4.2.2. negative

1.4.2.2.1. Subject + ‘to have’ + ‘not’ + ‘been’ + verb + ing

1.4.2.2.2. Hermione hasn’t been studying Defence Against the Dark Arts for very long

1.4.2.3. questions

1.4.2.3.1. ‘To have’ + subject + ‘been’ + verb + ing +?

1.4.2.3.2. Have Voldemort and Potter been talking for a long time?

2. PAST FORMS

2.1. PAST SIMPLE

2.1.1. Use

2.1.1.1. Actions that started in the past and are already finished

2.1.2. Structure

2.1.2.1. affirmative

2.1.2.1.1. SUBJECT + VERB IN PAST "-ed"

2.1.2.1.2. I worked

2.1.2.2. negative

2.1.2.2.1. SUBJECT + did + not + VERB IN INFINITIVE

2.1.2.2.2. I did not sing

2.1.2.3. questions

2.1.2.3.1. Did + SUBJECT + VERB IN INFINITIVE

2.1.3. Temporary Accessories

2.1.3.1. yesterday, two years ago, in 2008, last year, on 01/01/2000, in July

2.2. PAST PERFECT

2.2.1. Use

2.2.1.1. an action or event that started in the past and that is prior to another action also in the past.

2.2.1.2. for actions that occurred before a specific time in the past.

2.2.2. stucture

2.2.2.1. affirmative

2.2.2.1.1. Subject + "had" + past participle

2.2.2.1.2. I had [I’d] visited the Louvre before, so I knew where the Mona Lisa was

2.2.2.2. negative

2.2.2.2.1. Subject + "had" + "not" + past participle

2.2.2.2.2. They had not [hadn’t] studied English before they went to London

2.2.2.3. questions

2.2.2.3.1. "Had" + subject + past participle ...?

2.2.2.3.2. Had they studied English before they went to London?

2.3. PAST CONTINUOS

2.3.1. use

2.3.1.1. Actions that started in the past and we want to highlight that they had a certain duration

2.3.1.2. I was eating an apple, when I fell to the ground

2.3.2. structure

2.3.2.1. affirmative

2.3.2.1.1. SUBJECT + was / were + VERB with ending -ing

2.3.2.1.2. I was working

2.3.2.2. negative

2.3.2.2.1. SUBJECT + was / were not + VERB with -ing ending

2.3.2.2.2. I was not singing

2.3.2.3. questions

2.3.2.3.1. was / were + SUBJECT + VERB with the ending -ing

2.3.2.3.2. was I singing?

2.4. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOS

2.4.1. use

2.4.1.1. actions that started at a specific time in the past and continued to another specific point in the past.

2.4.1.2. His face was dirty because he had been eating chocolate

2.4.2. structure

2.4.2.1. affirmative

2.4.2.1.1. I had been travelling all night.

2.4.2.2. negative

2.4.2.2.1. I hadn't been travelling all night.

2.4.2.3. questions

2.4.2.3.1. Had you been travelling all night?

3. FUTURE

3.1. FORMS

3.1.1. WILL

3.1.1.1. use

3.1.1.1.1. promises

3.1.1.1.2. decisions at that time

3.1.1.2. example

3.1.1.2.1. I'll work

3.1.1.2.2. I will/shall not work

3.1.1.2.3. will/shall I work?

3.1.2. GOING TO

3.1.2.1. EXAMPLE

3.1.2.1.1. I am going to be honored

3.1.2.2. USE

3.1.2.2.1. Actions that you plan to take in the future

3.1.2.2.2. He is going to sing tomorrow night