Sociocultural theory and English language teaching

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Sociocultural theory and English language teaching por Mind Map: Sociocultural theory and English language teaching

1. Develops

1.1. in the context of revolutionary russia (1993)

1.1.1. uses principles of Marxism

1.2. cognitive development

1.2.1. using tools and skills such as writing speech social interactions

1.3. a culture of change

1.3.1. because of technology social media globalization

2. Author

2.1. Lev Vygotsky

2.1.1. theory is based on importance of culture in higher mental processes

2.2. objective

2.2.1. explain relationship between mental processes, cultural, historical and institutional settings learning and teaching

2.3. analyze

2.3.1. higher psychological processes cognitive development occurs development of learning and cognition emerges from

3. Conceives

3.1. Learning: knowledge construction through experience and social interaction.

3.1.1. placing teaching in a real environment where meaningful situations are performed.

4. Contributions

4.1. Sociocultural perspective

4.1.1. at birth human beings possess elementary mental functions. changes arise

5. Strategies

5.1. Scaffolding

5.1.1. provides facilitating processes by teacher Zone of Proximal Development

5.2. Problem solving

5.2.1. gradually from simple to complex

6. Teacher rol

6.1. Teacher should look for strategies for students making an effort and provide solutions.

6.2. Provide opportunities to expand student's skills and knowledge

6.3. Modeling language

6.4. Mediated learning

6.5. Authentic, challenging and contextualized teaching and learning

6.6. Constructivist approach

7. Students rol

7.1. Teaching and learning centered on them and their needs

7.2. Active and manipulative:

7.2.1. involves students, so that they themselves interact and explore

7.3. Constructive and reflective:

7.3.1. to acquire new knowledge and accommodate it to previous knowledge, which leads to reflection on one's own learning

7.4. Intentional:

7.4.1. it is the student who sets goals to be achieved and also monitors them until they achieve their goals

7.5. Cooperative, collaborative and conversational:

7.5.1. interaction among students is needed to discuss problems, clarify doubts and share ideas permanent dialogue between teacher and student as well as between peers