American Civil War

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American Civil War por Mind Map: American Civil War

1. Consequences of the War

1.1. It reunited Nations, and stopped slavery. After the war the South and North came to agreement to stop slavery and settled their differences also work together, to settle peace

2. President Lincoln Assassinated

2.1. Abraham Lincoln was assassinated on April 14th 1865

2.2. John Wilkes Booth sneaked up behind Lincoln at a play at Fords Theatre and fired one shot to the presidents head

2.2.1. John Wilkes was a Confederate sympathizer

2.2.2. He was killed two weeks later after pursuers trapped him in a barn and set it on fire

2.3. 8 convicted, 4 hanged for helping plot the plan to kill Lincoln

2.4. A special train carried Lincoln body from Illinois for burial

2.5. Lincoln's successor was was Andrew Johnson Vice PResident of Tennessee

3. Thirteenth Amendment

3.1. Outlawing Slavery,involuntary servitude is only allowed if you did a crime whereof the person have been duly convicted

3.2. Congress should have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation

4. Cost of the Wars

4.1. Around 260,000 Confederates Confederate soldiers died in the war, 360,000 Union soldiers, including 37,000 African American Union soldiers died in the war

4.2. Most returned home permanently paralyzed for life

4.3. Vast areas in the South were destroyed and in ruins

4.4. Alot of refugees needed food, shelter, and work

5. The Battle of Gettysburg

5.1. In June 1863, Lees troop crossed Maryland and marched into Pennsylvania

5.1.1. The Union Army now commanded by General Meade

5.2. On July 1st, some Confederate soldiers approached Gettysburg, they were encountered part of Meade's army, shots were exchanged.

5.3. The next day, more than 85,000 Union soldiers faced about 75,000 Confederates

5.3.1. The Union army was on a hill called Cemetery Ridge, The Confederate position was nearly a mile from Seminary Ridge

5.4. on July 3rd, Lee ordered an all-out attack on the center of the Union line

5.4.1. General Pickett led about 15,000 Confederates toward Cemetery Ridge

6. Surrender at Appomattoxs

6.1. On April 2, Grants troops broke through Confederate lines, by evening Union took over Richmond

6.2. At Appomattox Court House was where Lees army was hiding out

6.3. On April 9, 1865 Lee escape was cut off and he surrendered, He only had to give up weapons and leave in peace

7. The Fall of Richmond

8. Women in the War

8.1. Woman in the North and South helped a lot in war in more ways than one. 400 women disguised themselves as men joined the Union or Confederate armies, Some became spies, took over the jobs that the men in the army left behind

8.2. The war opened a lot of doors for the women, for example field of nursing field of education, field of agriculture opened up for women.

8.2.1. Elizabeth Blackwell, Americas first female physician

8.2.2. Dorothea Dix Social reformer

8.2.3. Harriet Tubman served as Union nurse

8.2.4. Clara Barton cared for wounded souldiers

9. The Siege of Vicksburg

9.1. On July 4, 1863 Vicksburg surrendered to General Grant

9.2. On May 1863, Grant began a seige

9.3. Union army bombarded Vicksburg, after 6 weeks 30,000 Confederates finally gave up, later the rest of the Confederates gave up, The river was now in The Union control

10. The Battle of the Wilderness

11. General Sherman takes Savannah

12. General Sherman Takes Atlanta

12.1. on September 2, 1864 Union went to Atlanta

12.2. Atlanta's captured boost President Lincolns reelection campaign

12.3. In November Sherman ordered to burn Atlanta, then marched to Atlantic Ocean

13. The Battle of Fredericksburg

13.1. In December 1862, Burnside marched his army of 120,000 men directly to Richmond

13.2. Lee put 75,000 men at Fredericksburg, Virginia, to block their paths

13.3. The Union suffered about 13,000, Confederates nearly 5,000

14. Civil War Prison Camps

14.1. Captured soldiers were put into Prison camps

14.2. Almost 10 percent of dead soldiers died in prison camps

14.3. Prison camps in Elmira, New York, Andersonville, and Georgia were the worst. Elmira was built ot only hold 5,000 soldiers but they stuffed 10,000 in there. Soldiers were forced to eat rats to survive

15. Economy of the War

15.1. In the North industries boomed, there were plenty of jobs, but drafts drained workers so there was shortage.

15.1.1. Because of the additional money the North goods went up 80% more during the war

15.2. In August 1861 Congress levied there first income tax to pay the costs of war

15.2.1. The Union printed out $400 million of paper money to pay

15.2.2. This was the first federal paper money

15.3. The South wasn't able to sustain a war , also The South couldn't raise money by selling cotton overseas because of the Union Blockade

16. Conscription

16.1. 300,000 through 550,000 Union and Confederate soldiers left their unions and went back home

16.2. After their crops were harvested or planted about half went back

16.3. Confederate and Union made a draft, system of required military service to meet the needs of troops

16.4. In April 1862, the Confederacy passed a law requiring whites men between 18 and 35 of age to serve in military for 3 years, later the age range expanded to 17 to 50

16.5. In the North they made a draft for ages 20 through 45

16.6. Wealthy people could pay their way out, this angered people on both the Confederate and Union sides, stating that the war was "a poor mans fight" this led to violent riots in the North on July 1863

17. Riots in Richmond

18. 54th Massachusetts

18.1. on July 18, 1863 soldiers were attacked on Fort Wagner in South Carolina by the 54th Massachusetts Infantry

18.2. As soldiers charged Confederates fired, but the 54th reached to the top of the forts wall

18.3. nearly half of the regiment soldiers were casualties

19. African American Soldiers

19.1. African Americans volunteers were not allowed to join the union army when the Civil War started.

19.2. Only after Emancipation Proclamation were they allowed to serve

19.3. 189,000 African Americans served in the army or navy

19.4. African Americans earned less than white soldiers

19.5. Despite this African Americans fought with pride and courage

20. The Emancipation Proclamation

20.1. Lincoln feared that abolishing slavery would make border states secede

20.2. Lincoln stated that his goal was to restore the Union even if that meant not abolishing slavery

20.3. On January 1st 1863, Lincoln published the Emancipation Proclamation

21. Battle of Antietam

21.1. At the Antietam Creek, near Sharpsburg, Maryland, on September 17, 1862, McClellan's troop attacked Lees army

21.2. The Union army attacked multiple times, they suffered 12,000 casualties

21.3. Lee lost nearly one third of his army, he was force to go back to Virginia

22. General Lee Invades the North

23. Conderates Victories In The East

23.1. in December 1862 Battle of Fredericksburg

23.2. In May 1863 Battle of Chancellorsville

24. The Fall of the New Orleans

24.1. David Farragut entered Mississippi River from the Gulf of Mexico

24.2. on April 26, he captured New Orleans, Louisiana

25. The Battle of Shiloh

25.1. In April 1862, The Confederacy attacked Union forces in the West

25.2. Two Union armies were meeting up in Tennessee Confederate troops were camped close by in Corinth, Mississippi

25.3. The Confederates attacked near Pittsburgh Landing, Tennessee, on April 6

26. General Grants Victories in the West

26.1. In February 1862,grant moved his army south from Kentucky

26.2. 1st he captured Fort Henry on the Tennessee River

26.3. Then, He captured Fort Donelson on the Cumberland River

26.4. Albert Sidney Johnston attacked Grant on April 6, 1862

27. The First Battle of Bull Run

27.1. McDowell's 30,000 men left Washington and marched southwest into Virginia

27.2. About same amount of Confederates waited at Manassas

27.3. On July 21st The armies clashed on Bull Run

27.4. At first the Union army pushed forward, but slowly the battle turned in favor of the Confederates

28. Fort Sumter

28.1. Harbor of Charleston, South Carolina

28.2. South Carolina authorities decided to starve the forts 100 troops into surrender

28.3. Abraham Lincoln

28.3.1. Announced that he would send food to the fort ship would carry no troops or guns

28.4. on April 12 Confederate artillery opened fire on the fort after 34 hours U.S troops surrendered

29. Matthew Brady Photography

29.1. He was the first to catch the war on film

29.2. He is a photographer

30. Union Strategy

30.1. Gain control of the Mississippi River, the South's major transportation link

30.2. Would split South in two

30.3. Planned to invade Virginia and seize Richmond, the Confederate capital

31. Confederate Strategy

31.1. Didn't need to invade the North

31.2. Only defend their land until Northerners get tired of fighting

31.3. Sought aid from Britain and other European nations

31.4. Hoped Britain's need for cotton and textile would force them to help South

32. Border States

32.1. Missouri

32.2. Kentucky

32.3. West Virginia

32.4. Maryland

32.5. Delaware

33. Confederate States

33.1. Texas

33.2. Arkansas

33.3. Louisiana

33.4. Mississippi

33.5. Tennessee

33.6. Florida

33.7. Georgia

33.8. South Carolina

33.9. Alabama

33.10. North Carolina

33.11. Virginia

34. Union States

34.1. Oregon

34.2. California

34.3. Minnesota

34.4. Wisconsin

34.5. Iowa

34.6. Missouri

34.7. Kansas

34.8. Illinois

34.9. Indiana

34.10. Ohio

34.11. Michigan

34.12. Kentucky

34.13. Pennsylvania

34.14. New York

34.15. Maryland

34.16. Delaware

34.17. New Jersey

34.18. Connecticut

34.19. Massachusetts

34.20. Rhode Island

34.21. New Hampshire

34.22. Vermont

34.23. Maine