HIST 1301 Exam 2 Alma Gallardo

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1. intellectual movemement that relied on what can be proven with senses and reason

2. The Enlightenment

2.1. John Locke

2.1.1. Natural rights Life Liberty Property

2.1.2. Is the government's duty and job to protect natural rights

2.2. Rousseau

2.2.1. social contract

2.2.2. government and people have mutual responsibility

2.3. Montesquieu

2.3.1. checks and balances

2.3.2. separation of powers executive legilslative judicial

2.4. Voltaire

2.4.1. separate state and church

2.4.2. advocate relogious tolerance

3. The Constitution

3.1. Federalism vs. Anti-federalism

3.1.1. Fedaralism strong central government Alexander Hamilton focused in economics create national bank standarize currency assume states' debt favors relationship with England

3.1.2. Anti-Federalism weak central government Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry care about everyday farmer and local freedom Pro-France Democrat favor one man, one vote Republican emphasis in representatives

3.2. Early Republic

3.2.1. Lousiana Purchase

3.2.2. Thomas Jefferson ended Atlantic Slave Trade

3.2.3. Connecticut Compromise/Great Compromise Senate - equal representation House of Representatives - proportional representation

3.2.4. 3/5 compromise

3.2.5. Compromise of Bill of Rights

3.2.6. Monroe Doctrine - tells Europe all of western Hemisphere is ours

3.2.7. Missouri Compromise - Maine comes as free, Missouri comes as enslaved

3.2.8. Andrew Jackson presidency - bad bad

4. Market Revolution

4.1. Industrial Revolution

4.1.1. powered by coal or steam

4.1.2. factory workers

4.1.3. huge cotton business

4.2. Transportation and Communitcation Revolution

4.2.1. railroads (coal fired) pushes Americans westward move goods to markets

4.2.2. canals connects river and lake systems Erie Canal connects NYC with Great Lakes steampships can now sail upstream

4.2.3. telegraph communication over wires

4.3. Bussiness Strategy Revolution

4.3.1. mass production

4.3.2. wage labor

4.3.3. join stock investment

4.3.4. speculation similar to stock market now

5. War for Independence

5.1. Before

5.1.1. Navigation Act make sure colonies import from Britain

5.1.2. French and Indian War Britain wants colonies to pay for it Taxation without Representation

5.1.3. Stamp Act tax on official documents Never piss off printers!

5.1.4. Townshend Acts taxes on imports Commmittee of Correspondence writing letters to British King

5.1.5. Boston Massacre someone said "fire" in the confusion Crispus Adducks - African American killed along with other 4 colonial men John Adams defends British Red Coats

5.1.6. Boston Tea Party Sons of Liberty dress like Mohawk and dump the cheap tea into the harbor

5.1.7. Coercive/Intolerable Acts punish Boston Quartering Act solidarity for Boston

5.1.8. Lexington and Concord colonial militias rush to arm stores

5.2. During

5.2.1. Factors that helped the colonies colonies were big and geographically diverse Guerrilla style warfare there was no capital British emancipated the enslaved, causing the South to unite with the North French ships Enlightenment philosophies and words of liberty motivated people

5.3. After

5.3.1. "Revolution" was rich people using poor people so the rich re-establish rules to their benefit indentured servants still arriving men who did not own property could not vote a lot of enslaved people not given freedom married woman was considered a fem cover (a covered woman)

6. Slavery

6.1. Biblical Support

6.1.1. Abolitionists Moses fred tbe Israelites from Egypt it's horrible Southern ppl are not letting the enslaved read the Bible

6.1.2. Slave Owners Noah's son (Ham) sent to Africa as a punishment and serve his brothers forever Apostle Paul sends back a slave to his master Philemon

6.2. Legal Debate

6.2.1. Compromise of California in exchange Fugitive Slave Act (returning runaways)

6.2.2. Kansas-Nebraska Act let people in the state decide John Brown - his own war

6.2.3. Abraham Lincoln becomes president tried to keep the Union but South Carolina secedes

6.3. Change and Resistance

6.3.1. Inspired by the second great awakening

6.3.2. Nat Turner's Rebellion slave runaway with a vision led an insurrection in Virginia

7. The Civil War

7.1. South Carolina + Virginia, NC, Tennessee, Arkansas secede

7.2. South

7.2.1. General Robert Lee - best military brain

7.2.2. had the sympathy of Britain

7.2.3. very passionate

7.3. North

7.3.1. bigger population (22 million)

7.3.2. more resources bc industries

7.3.3. Anaconda Plan - squeeze the South

7.4. Battle of Antietam

7.4.1. bloodiest

7.4.2. Lee takes Confederate army into the North

7.5. Emancipation Proclamation

7.5.1. Lincoln wanted to avoid Britain from coming in for the South

7.5.2. only enslaved people in rebelling states were made free

7.6. Battle of Gettsyburg

7.6.1. turning point

7.6.2. The Gettysburg Address

7.7. Battle of Appomattox

7.7.1. Gen Lee surrenders