The Three Issues

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The Three Issues por Mind Map: The Three Issues

1. The Scrapping of the Avro Arrow

1.1. 1950,Canada and the A.V.Row company developed the Arrow, a state of the art supersonic jet aircraft.

1.1.1. 1959, the project was cancelled by the Diefenbaker government.Existing planes were cut up for scrap,and most of Avro's designers and engineers move to the US. The Arrow was extremely expensive to build and no one, not even the Canadian Air Force, wanted to buy it. Someone believe that the American government had conspired to kill the project because if they could not build so grand a fighter, Canada couldn't have one either. After the Avro Arrow was scrapped, Canada had agreed to accept U.S Bomarc missiles which were capable of carrying nuclear warheads.

2. Canada's Acceptance of Nuclear Weapons in 1963

2.1. The Minister of external affairs felt Canada should be a non-nuclear nation.He argued that it was hypocriticacl to urge the UN to work for disarmanment while accepting nuclear weapons.

2.1.1. The defence minister insisted that nuclear weapons were vital in protecting Canada against communist aggression. During the election in 1963, the Liberals, under the leadership of Lester Person, Proposed that Canadian forces accept nuclear weapons under certain conditions.

3. Canada's Role in the Cuban Missile Crisis

3.1. The 1962 stationing of Soviet missiles in cuba,which posed a threat to the United States and Canada brought the world to the edge of nuclear war.

3.1.1. U.S. President John F. Kennedy, and fuelled already difficult relations between Canada and the U.S. in the 1960s. He missiles, designed to deliver nuclear warheads, were capable of hitting targets anywhere in the United States or Canada. The main issue for the Canadian government was whether to comply with an American request to move Canadian forces to a higher alert status known as "DEFCON-3." Diefenbaker was reluctant. Not only did he dislike Kennedy, he was angry that the U.S. hadn't consulted Canada earlier in the crisis.