LAtin America

Some of the idea I had studying this question (no response here ^^, only more question)

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LAtin America par Mind Map: LAtin America

1. Can indigenous cultures be incorporated into the processes of development and modernity without losing their cultural identity? ==> link to the subject in coursera

1.1. Nationalism and Glocal

1.1.1. threat about identity

1.2. "Indigenous" culture

1.2.1. by opposition from an alien culture

1.2.1.1. dominant culture

1.2.1.2. colonialism culture

1.2.1.3. aggressive (war, slavery...)

1.2.1.4. "soft" (TV, advertisement, news, comics...)

1.2.2. We all (have) had an indigenous culture

1.2.2.1. local / territory

1.2.2.1.1. Is "Glocal" movement be a opportinity for Indigenous culture ?

1.2.2.2. In opposition with "Global Culture"

1.2.2.3. before local group were more powerful, they had their own code, language and culture

1.2.2.3.1. Native american (cheyenne, sioux, etc)

1.2.2.3.2. Inca

1.2.2.3.3. Region in Europe (Spain (catala, euskadi, etc), France(breton, corses...)...)

1.3. Is there One definition of culture ?

1.3.1. Unique and stable?

1.3.1.1. Created alone or by opposition with other culture generational, alien...

1.3.1.2. Constant change

1.3.1.3. Blend of CultureS

1.3.1.4. Is mestiza (or other culture from interaction between different group) a New Culture or a part of normal Cultural Change ?

1.3.2. CultureS

1.3.2.1. personal culture

1.3.2.1.1. result of the individual but is interaction too

1.3.2.2. social group

1.3.2.2.1. friend

1.3.2.2.2. political group

1.3.2.2.3. territory (city, nation...) group

1.3.2.3. community

1.3.2.3.1. "race"

1.3.2.3.2. religion

1.3.2.3.3. language

1.3.2.4. ...

1.4. Identity

1.4.1. languages

1.4.1.1. Exchange

1.4.1.1.1. Changes

1.4.1.2. understanding

1.4.2. festivities

1.4.3. gear

1.4.4. costums & law

1.4.5. comida

1.5. In general

1.5.1. tendancy to globalization and simplification

1.5.2. New media and new way of communication

1.6. Development and modernity

1.6.1. Threat or opportunity?

1.6.1.1. development of culture

1.6.1.2. more chance to know the culture outside the group

1.6.1.3. but it's a culture "light", an image, an global-postcard-culture

1.6.1.4. Need to be integrated in a world in counstant change (need to "be part of"

1.6.1.5. Absorbtion, disparition

1.6.1.5.1. disparition of languages

1.6.1.5.2. slaughter/ethnocide

1.6.2. Globalization

1.6.2.1. Exchanges

1.6.2.2. Changes by contact with other culture

1.6.2.3. Cultural power is not balanced between all people/state/country/group

1.6.3. Is schhol a mean to develop culture or to

1.6.3.1. european school with obligatory program in another language than the language of the territory

1.6.3.2. importance of some language / native language

1.6.3.3. part of the culture ignored in programs

1.7. In latin America (In my opinion, as I know)

1.7.1. more cooperation between natives and spanian (due to influence of spanish markmen?)

1.7.1.1. historically, less damage with natives than in North america most of the tragedy are from disease or semi-slavery in plate mine, not by war,

1.7.1.1.1. less slaughter

1.7.1.1.2. less conflictual opposition

1.7.1.2. before work in mine, native were not considered as slaves nor barbarian as they could have be in africa or north america (in the collective imaginary of conquest of "savage" ouest)

1.7.1.3. More weapon to survive and adapt that culture colonized more violently or more early, language, political structure

1.7.2. easier way to escape to encounters (forest, mountain...) contact at different moment of history and evolution of the vision of natives.

1.7.3. sedentary culture with more proof of an existant culture than nomad natives

1.7.3.1. this culture can be exported and studied

1.7.3.2. development throught tourism

1.7.3.3. political structure different (Inca emperor, road...)

1.7.4. Native, spaniard and ancient slave => new culture mestiza

1.7.4.1. religion was a mean to create an culture mixed

2. What obstacles still exist for the development of democracy in Latin America ?

2.1. Obstacles

2.1.1. Corruption

2.1.1.1. low level, country spread (fee, police...)

2.1.1.2. family-friend corruption

2.1.1.3. High level (people with institutional power to accept contract or change a situation

2.1.2. Lack of Control

2.1.2.1. Inefficiency

2.1.2.2. civilian troubles (guerillas...)

2.1.2.3. military power

2.1.2.4. drugs & maffia (parallel organation)

2.1.2.5. external mouvements (foreign...)

2.1.3. citizens not empowermented

2.1.3.1. by choice

2.1.3.1.1. lack of enthusiasm

2.1.3.1.2. no confidence in people or organisation

2.1.3.2. by independant/ structural mean

2.1.3.2.1. low level of education

2.1.3.2.2. no transparency

2.1.3.3. by force

2.1.3.3.1. foreign manoeuvra

2.1.3.3.2. drug/maffia

2.1.3.3.3. foreign diplomacy/manoeuvra

3. Week 3 - Question 1: Can the Latin American region constitute a whole economic bloc?