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VERB by Mind Map: VERB


1.1. analytical

1.1.1. head-verb "have", "give", "take" and some others + noun

1.1.2. head-verb with a verbal postposition

1.2. syntactic


2.1. full nominative (notional verbs) => derivationally open *subject process relations

2.1.1. actional express the action perfomed by the subject, that is they present the subject as a doer act, do, perform, make, go, read etc.

2.1.2. statal denote the state of their subject be, live, worry,see, know, suffer etc.

2.1.3. "processes" mental sensual *aspective correlation between the verb of perception and physical perceptional activity *power of the verb in relation to other notional words in the utterance

2.2. partial nominative (semi-notional & functional) => derivationally closed

2.2.1. auxilary verbs *constitute part of the analytical forms of the verb as purely grammatical element *their meaning is completely lost

2.2.2. modal verbs express the agent's attitude to the action, thus this attitude constitutes their semantics

2.2.3. semi-notional verbid inroducer verbs are distributed among the verbal sets of discriminatory relational semantics of subject-action relational semantics of phrasal semantics

2.2.4. link verbs expose the relational aspect of the characteristicsascribed by the predicative to the subject

3. person & number SUBSYSTEMS (Presenr Tense)

3.1. modal verbs that have no personal inflexions

3.1.1. -can -dare -need -must -may -ought -will

3.2. verbal lexem "be"

3.2.1. -am -is -are

3.3. -(e)s


4.1. the category of retrospective coordination

4.1.1. perfect - non perfect opposition

4.2. the aspective category of development

4.2.1. continuous - indefinite opposition while clauses

5. a part of speech that expresses the grammatical meaning of process presented dynamically, i.e. as having certain temporal dimensions

6. The Category of Mood

6.1. expreeses the character of connection between the process denoted by the verb and the actusl realitu

6.1.1. subjunctive I - spective (be, live) <=speculate

6.1.2. subjunctive II - stipulative (past forms) <=stipulate

6.1.3. subjunctive III - consective (should/would + inf.) <=consequence

6.1.4. subjunctive IV - modal subjunctive (might/should/let + inf.)

7. finite

7.1. verb-predicate function

8. non-finite

8.1. potentialy predicative function


9.1. verbs of ingression

9.2. verbsa of instantaneity

9.3. verbs of termination

9.4. verbs of duration


10.1. limitive (terminative)

10.1.1. arrive, come, leave

10.2. unlimitive (non-terminative)

10.2.1. move, continue, live

10.3. verbs of double nature

11. The Category of Tense Time Denotation

11.1. absolutive

11.1.1. the sphere of present

11.1.2. the sphere of past

11.1.3. the sphere of future means of expressing the future: -shall/will + infinitive -to be going to

11.1.4. now, last week, in the past, very soon etc.

11.2. non-absolutive

11.2.1. relative events either proceeding or following the others before that, sone time later etc.

11.2.2. factual states the astronomial time of event at the epoch of Napoleon, in 1066 etc.


12.1. limitive/unlimitive

12.2. continuous/non-continuous

12.3. perfect/non-perfect


13.1. passive

13.2. active

13.3. English

13.3.1. transitive

13.3.2. intarnsitive

13.4. Russian

13.4.1. transitive

13.5. Problems

13.5.1. "Medial" voices

13.5.2. Reflexive voices + reflexive pronoun

13.5.3. Reciprocal voices + reciprocal pronoun