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VERB by Mind Map: VERB

1. finite

1.1. verb-predicate function

2. non-finite

2.1. potentialy predicative function


3.1. analytical

3.1.1. head-verb "have", "give", "take" and some others + noun

3.1.2. head-verb with a verbal postposition

3.2. syntactic


4.1. full nominative (notional verbs) => derivationally open *subject process relations

4.1.1. actional express the action perfomed by the subject, that is they present the subject as a doer act, do, perform, make, go, read etc.

4.1.2. statal denote the state of their subject be, live, worry,see, know, suffer etc.

4.1.3. "processes" mental sensual *aspective correlation between the verb of perception and physical perceptional activity *power of the verb in relation to other notional words in the utterance

4.2. partial nominative (semi-notional & functional) => derivationally closed

4.2.1. auxilary verbs *constitute part of the analytical forms of the verb as purely grammatical element *their meaning is completely lost

4.2.2. modal verbs express the agent's attitude to the action, thus this attitude constitutes their semantics

4.2.3. semi-notional verbid inroducer verbs are distributed among the verbal sets of discriminatory relational semantics of subject-action relational semantics of phrasal semantics

4.2.4. link verbs expose the relational aspect of the characteristicsascribed by the predicative to the subject


5.1. verbs of ingression

5.2. verbsa of instantaneity

5.3. verbs of termination

5.4. verbs of duration


6.1. limitive (terminative)

6.1.1. arrive, come, leave

6.2. unlimitive (non-terminative)

6.2.1. move, continue, live

6.3. verbs of double nature

7. person & number SUBSYSTEMS (Presenr Tense)

7.1. modal verbs that have no personal inflexions

7.1.1. -can -dare -need -must -may -ought -will

7.2. verbal lexem "be"

7.2.1. -am -is -are

7.3. -(e)s

8. The Category of Tense Time Denotation

8.1. absolutive

8.1.1. the sphere of present

8.1.2. the sphere of past

8.1.3. the sphere of future means of expressing the future: -shall/will + infinitive -to be going to

8.1.4. now, last week, in the past, very soon etc.

8.2. non-absolutive

8.2.1. relative events either proceeding or following the others before that, sone time later etc.

8.2.2. factual states the astronomial time of event at the epoch of Napoleon, in 1066 etc.


9.1. limitive/unlimitive

9.2. continuous/non-continuous

9.3. perfect/non-perfect


10.1. the category of retrospective coordination

10.1.1. perfect - non perfect opposition

10.2. the aspective category of development

10.2.1. continuous - indefinite opposition while clauses


11.1. passive

11.2. active

11.3. English

11.3.1. transitive

11.3.2. intarnsitive

11.4. Russian

11.4.1. transitive

11.5. Problems

11.5.1. "Medial" voices

11.5.2. Reflexive voices + reflexive pronoun

11.5.3. Reciprocal voices + reciprocal pronoun

12. a part of speech that expresses the grammatical meaning of process presented dynamically, i.e. as having certain temporal dimensions

13. The Category of Mood

13.1. expreeses the character of connection between the process denoted by the verb and the actusl realitu

13.1.1. subjunctive I - spective (be, live) <=speculate

13.1.2. subjunctive II - stipulative (past forms) <=stipulate

13.1.3. subjunctive III - consective (should/would + inf.) <=consequence

13.1.4. subjunctive IV - modal subjunctive (might/should/let + inf.)