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Chemistry: Air by Mind Map: Chemistry: Air
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Chemistry: Air

This is just a demo map that you can delete right away, if you feel like it...

Composition of air.

Contain 79% of nitrogen

Give proteins to plants, Animal eat plants for protein.

Contain 20% of oxygen

Help to decompose

needed to LIVE!!!

Contain 1% of other gases

Carbon dioxide.

noble gases

Pollutants in air

Carbon monoxide,

Causes, Incompletion of combussion of carbon substances such as fossil fuels., Forest fire

Harmful effect, headache, Breathing difficulties, Damage to heart, if taken too much, will cause death

Solution,, avoid in complete combustion of fossil fuels, Use better burner, Add catalytic converter to exhausts of motor vehicles

Sulfur dioxide

Causes, Valcanoes, combustion of fossil fuels

Harmful effects, Cause breathing difficulties, asthma attack, Acid rains

Solutions, Use fuels which have little sulfur contents, Use calcium hydroxidxe to remove sulfur dioxide., Calcium sulfate and water will be formed, Use lesser coals, Because it contains sulfur, When burned, it will produce sulfur dioxide, Should be process first to remove sulfur contents, However it is very costy

Nitrogen oxide

Causes, Lightning activities, Power station, Internal combustion engines, Consist of nitrogen and oxygen

Harmful effect, breathing difficulties, Lung damage, Acid rain, Creates ground level ozones when reacts with hydrocarbon

Solution, Use catalytic in car

Ground level ozone

Causes, Reactions between unburned hydrocarbon and nitrogen oxides in strong sunlight

Harmful effect, eye irritation, damageg lung tissues

Solution, Reduce nitrogen oxide and hydrocarbon

Acid rain

Causes

Sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, When Sulfur dioxides and nitrogen oxide reacts with oxygen and water, sulfuric acid and nitric acid is form

Harmful effects

Acid rains cause acidification in streams and river, kill fishes, Make reprodution a failure

Acid rains accelarates the decay of building

Solution

Reduce sulfur dioxides and nitrogen oxides