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The Noun by Mind Map: The Noun

1. General information

1.1. Meaning: thingness or substance

1.2. Form: - grammatical morphemes (relative) s, 's (categories of number and case) - lexical morphemes (derivative): -ment, -ship, -er etc.

1.3. Function: - phrase level: Adj. + N pretty girl, N+V a girl dances, V+N to read books - sentence level: subject, object

2. Classifications of nouns

2.1. Grammatically: - countable/ uncountable (category of number), - declinable/ indeclinable (category of case)

2.2. Semantically: - abstract nouns (freedom, fear), - concrete nouns (puppy, pizza), - names of materials (clay, marble), - names of things (a clay, a marble), - animate/inanimate nouns, - proper names (Alfred Nobel, Alessandro Volta, Atlas, Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, Guy Fawkes), - common nouns (a nobel, a volt, an atlas, a guillotine, a guy)

3. Categories

3.1. of case

3.1.1. a many-case system Nominative Genitive Accusative Dative Vocative Instrumental

3.1.2. a two-case system the common case the genitive case: meanings posession the relations between people part of the whole subjective objective qualitative

3.2. of number

3.2.1. singular (one)

3.2.2. plural (more than one)

3.2.3. SPECIAL CASES The Pluralia Tantum (spectacles, measles) The Singularia Tantum (snow, sugar)

4. Genders

4.1. Masculine Gender: a noun that denotes the male genre is said to be of masculine gender (duke, actor, god).

4.2. Feminine Gender: a noun that denotes the female genre is said to be of feminine gender (duchess, actress, goddess).

4.2.1. Formation: 1) by adding suffixes –ess, -ine, -trix, -a 2) by paling a word before or after the noun

4.3. Common Gender: a noun that can be used for both the male as well as the female genre is said to be of common gender (pupil, patient, lecturer, user, applicant).

4.4. Neuter Gender: a noun that is used for things which are neither male nor female are said to be of neuter gender (book, table, pen, house).