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Intelligence by Mind Map: Intelligence
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Intelligence

Group differences of tests

cultural bias

socioeconomic status

discriminatory practices

motivation

definition: a person's ability to think and learn. How one learns from, learns about, understands and interacts with their environment.

Componets

adaptive

the ability to respond to a variety of situations and problems.

learning ability

the ability to learn new information and behaviors more quickly and easier in certain domains.

prior knowledge

past experiences that help one to analyze and understand specific situations.

culture-specific

intelligent behaviors differ in cultures.

different mental process

the interaction of many processes such as cognitive processes.

Questions/Critiques

How much does biological and environmental factors affect one's intelligence?

How can one's intelligence level be accurately measured without being biased, but yet culturally sensitive?

Do I.Q tests take into account all levels of intelligence (Gardeners Multiple Intelligences)?

What characteristics separate gifted individuals from highly intelligent individuals?

Theoretical Perspectives of Intelligence

Spearman's g theory

proposed that intelligence is composed of both a general factor and specific factors.

Cattell's theory

proposed that general intelligence is consists of two distinctly different components fluid intelligence (ability to acquire knowledge) and crystallized intelligence (familiar tasks).

Gardner's Multiple Intelligence Theory

proposed that people have specific abilities that are independent of each other. He identified eight intelligences., linguistic intelligence, logical-mathematical intelligence, spatial intelligence, musical intelligence, bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal intelligence, intrapersonal intelligence, naturalistic intelligence

Sternberg's Triarchic Theory

propsed intelligence interplay of three factors: environmental context, prior experiences, and cognitive processes.

How children acquire intelligence

Hereditary influences

speed of processing

influence cognitive development

Environmental influences

home environment, parental behaviors

nutrition

toxic substances

early intervention

educational opportunities

Measuring Intelligence

Wechsler Intellience scale for Children

widely used and designed for children 6-18.

Stanford_binet Intelligence Scales

second commonly used and designed for children 2 through adulthood.

Universal Nonverbal Intelligence Test

depends heavily on language and designed for ages 5 through 17.

specific ability tests

Dynamic Assessment

assessing child's ability to learn in new situations.

Group differences

socioeconomic differences

family income

occupation

level of education

ethnic and racial differences

difference in the cognitive abilities of European/Asian American vs. African Americans/Hispanics

gender differences

What educators can do?

promote "cognitive startegies"

be open minded about how children demonstrate intelligence.

give children support