Global Perspectives of Industry 4.0

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Global Perspectives of Industry 4.0 by Mind Map: Global Perspectives of Industry 4.0


1.1. Introduction

1.1.1. - the use of IoT, big data, Computer Physical System(CPS), cloud computing and others to make Smart Factories a reality

1.1.2. -use the computer simulation to reduce the possibility the machines or technicians do mistakes

1.1.3. -when using Cyber Physical Production System, the order will be able to steer themselves independently

1.1.4. -connect people, machine and data to increase the efficiency of the manufacturing industries

1.1.5. -man, machines and products will interact with each other

1.1.6. -by using IoT, products and devices are automatically identify by intelligent sensors

1.1.7. -Industry 4.0 is in network vision, only work in a network, need to connect partners within the network

1.2. Vision

1.2.1. The revolution will be digitised

1.2.2. smart factories information and communications technologies to digitize their processes and get huge benefits in form of improved quality, lower costs and increased efficiency

1.3. Focus of Technologies that used in Germany country

1.3.1. 1.PLC(programmable Logic Controller)(Siemens’ Smart Factory use machines and computers to handle 75 percent of production from start to finish)

1.3.2. 2.Big data

1.3.3. 3.CPS(Cyber physical System)

1.3.4. 4.IoT(internet of things)

1.3.5. computing

1.4. Concept and Strategies

1.4.1. -Not a revolutionary, but an evolutionary enhancement of the production and business model

1.4.2. -strengthening the industrial policy paradigm

1.5. Role of government and country to support Industrie 4.0 in Germany

1.5.1. - Germany government invest €200M to spur Industrie 4.0 research across government, academia and business

1.6. Type of Industries involved

1.6.1. industry

1.6.2. 2.machine engineering

1.6.3. 3.electrical equipment

1.6.4. 4.chemical industry


2.1. Introduction

2.1.1. included under terms such as Internet of things, smart production or the industrial Internet

2.1.2. different than Germany, focus not only technological dimension but also development of new business model (smart services)

2.1.3. Initiative such as Smart Manufacturing Leadership Coalition(SMLC)

2.1.4. Introduction of IoT and Internet of Services concept

2.1.5. Main object, CPS

2.1.6. Aim to develop and deliver appropriate models, methods and tools for manufacturing companies

2.1.7. Establish prototype implementation, used as exemplary blueprints

2.1.8. Mainly to the use of intelligent machine, or CPS that networked, context-aware and self-controlled

2.1.9. Term coined by several agencies such as Department of Energy(DoE) and National Institute of Standard and Technology(NIST)

2.1.10. Specific emphasis on human ingenuity within the framework

2.1.11. 3 main objectives: 1. Plantwide optimization 2. Sustainable production 3. Agile supply chain

2.2. Vision

2.2.1. Continue to strengthen trade relations in the field of Industrie 4.0

2.2.2. Don’t lose control over Industrie 4.0 business models

2.3. The role of government and companies to support Industry 4.0 in US

2.3.1. Government National Network for Manufacturing Innovation (NNMI): Innovation centre, not specifically focused on Industrie 4.0

2.3.2. Companies Industrial Internet Consortium (IIC): Overarching themes; input on standardization; new business models AllSeen Alliance: Consumer electronics Open Connectivity Foundation (OCF): Communication between different systems

2.4. Types of industries involved

2.4.1. Automobile manufacturing

2.4.2. High technology manufacturing

2.4.3. Steel manufacturing


3.1. Introduction

3.1.1. IIoT will be driven by companies, not organizations:

3.1.2. The terms Industry 4.0 and IIoT were both used extensively by companies presenting at the fairs.

3.1.3. Technology development for IIoT starts with OT, not IT

3.1.4. Cooperation is the order of the day:

3.1.5. Japan has the Industrial Value Chain Initiative (IVI), as well as a few other organizations

3.1.6. The aim of IVI is to establish a structure that will connect even small and mid-sized companies

3.2. Vision

3.2.1. Society 5.0 - create a “super-smart society” capable of providing customized solutions through the adoption of new technologies like artificial intelligence (AI), robotics, big data, and drones

3.3. Focus of Technologies

3.3.1. Automatization

3.3.2. Robot

3.4. Concepts & Strategies

3.4.1. the Industrial Value Chain Initiative. It was initiated to “counter Germany’s Industry 4.0”, Japanese business daily Nikkei at that time.

3.4.2. About 30 companies will discuss about common communications standards for linking factories and facilities.

3.4.3. “We aim to establish a structure that will connect even small and mid-sized companies via the Internet beyond affiliates and across sectors,” said Yasuyuki Nishioka, a professor of information and industrial engineering at Tokyo’s Hosei University, who is the driving force behind the initiative.

3.5. The role of government and companies

3.5.1. Government: For more than a decade, ministries are promoting IT-project in the industry, and since Prime Minister Shinzo Abe took power even a ‘robotic revolution’.

3.5.2. Companies: - Connected machines and transport robots have been present on the shop floor of companies like Toyota long before the Germans invented the term “Industry 4.0”. Remote controlled bull-dozers of Komatsu are even featured in books for kindergarten kids. Japan has companies like Fujitsu or Hitachi that play a role in Big Data and the solutions business for the brave new world – from agriculture to manufacturing and services.

3.6. Types of industries

3.6.1. Automotive

3.6.2. Machinery

3.6.3. Electronics


4.1. Introduction

4.1.1. Made in China 2025 is a strategic plan of China issued by Chinese Premier Li Keqiang and his cabinet in May 2015.

4.1.2. It as an "initiative to comprehensively upgrade Chinese industry" directly inspired by the German Industry 4.0.[1]

4.1.3. A sweeping national strategy designed to enhance competitiveness in this sector through automation and overall improvement in technology.

4.1.4. Its aim is to transform today’s mass production economy into a high-tech economy.

4.1.5. It is part of a Chinese vision of an economy driven less by exports and investment and more by services and smart industrial production.

4.1.6. The 10-year strategy involves moving the Chinese economy away from labor-intense and low-value production towards higher value-added manufacturing.

4.2. Vision

4.2.1. In the future, China aims to fully modernize its manufacturing industry in order to deliver efficiency and quality gains and technological advances.

4.2.2. China’s goal is to transform from “Made in China” to “Created in China” and upgrade its manufacturing industry structure.

4.2.3. The goals include increasing the domestic content of core materials to 40% by 2020 and 70% by 2025.[4]

4.2.4. The plan will be followed by another two plans in order to transform China into a leading manufacturing power by the year 2049, which marks the 100th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China.

4.3. Focus of Technologies That Have Been Used in China

4.3.1. It calls for China's government to funnel billions of dollars into developing and acquiring advanced technologies in fields such as: 1. New information technology, 2. Automated machine tools & robotics, 3. Aviation and aerospace, 4. Maritime equipment and high-tech vessels, 5. Modern rail transport equipment, 6. New-energy vehicles and equipment, 7. Power equipment, 8. Agricultural machinery, 9. New materials, 10. Advanced medical equipment and biopharmaceuticals.

4.4. Concept and Strategies

4.4.1. Nine tasks have been identified as priorities: 1. improving manufacturing innovation, 2. integrating technology and industry, 3. strengthening the industrial base, 4. fostering Chinese brands, 5. enforcing green manufacturing, 6. promoting breakthroughs in 10 key sectors, 7. advancing restructuring of the manufacturing sector, 8. promoting service-oriented manufacturing and manufacturing-related service industries, 9. internationalizing manufacturing.

4.4.2. The five key projects include: 1. the construction of manufacturing innovation centers, 2. smart manufacturing projects, 3. manufacturing base strengthening projects, 4. green manufacturing projects, 5. and high-end equipment innovation projects.

4.4.3. the establishment of smart cities, the Smart Factory 1.0 initiative and the Internet of Things Center in Shanghai.

4.4.4. The country will implement this Made in China 2025 strategy alongside an Internet Plus plan, based on innovation, smart technology, the mobile Internet, cloud computing, big data and the Internet of Things (IoT).

4.4.5. the government’s “Internet Plus” initiative aims to tap into the potential of new business opportunities, economic models and high value-added activities by promoting greater integration of the Internet in traditional industries.

4.4.6. To shore up the plan, China will introduce a slew of policies to deepen institutional reforms and strengthen financial support.

4.5. Role of Government and Companies to Support Industry 4.0 in China

4.5.1. Advanced manufacturing is a strategic area with great potential for cooperation between China & Germany. BMW is keen to exchange our insights in Industry 4.0 and continue the efforts in China to fulfil the Made in China 2025 vision in the auto industry.

4.5.2. Beijing plans, among other things, to continue a trend of state-directed innovation, proposing to establish 15 manufacturing innovation centers by 2020, which would be expanded to 40 by 2025.

4.5.3. Sany (三一重工), China’s largest manufacturer of machinery, is using modern technology, with connected machines and data about the production process being recorded. This data is used for the optimization of the production process.

4.5.4. The fast growth the Chinese market is experiencing is largely motivated by the Made in China 2025 (MiC2025) policy, incentivizing manufacturers to take on quality-over-quantity philosophies, as well as a drive to innovate in industrial automation in an effort to become a high-quality manufacturing nation.

4.5.5. TEDA unveiled the Intelligent Industrial Zone, a 20-sq. km area intended to host companies developing new technologies, including artificial intelligence, intelligent finance and healthcare and smart logistics.

4.5.6. Overall, there are roughly 60 TEDA-based companies that specialize in intelligent manufacturing

4.5.7. As an example of how old-school manufacturers can benefit from Industry 4.0, TEDA is home to the largest instant noodle factory in the world, owned by Master Kong. The entire factory is highly automated, from flour mixing to packaging and everything in between. According to the company, the factory has doubled production and tripled its per capita productivity as a result.

4.5.8. Beijing Helishi System Engineering Co. Ltd. will take part in the rail transit equipment information exchange and interoperability standards project and the test validation system project, in addition to scientific research institutions that will participate in research projects based on general technologies and standards, such as the Internet of Things (IoT), big data, cloud calculation, and industrial information safety.

4.6. Types of Industries involved

4.6.1. 1. Robotics industry

4.6.2. 2. Aviation industry

4.6.3. 3. Marine industry

4.6.4. 4. Modern rail industry

4.6.5. 5. Automobile industry

4.6.6. 6. Agricultural industry

4.6.7. 7. Medical industry