Ancient Maya

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Ancient Maya by Mind Map: Ancient Maya

1. Methods

2. The Collapse of the Maya

2.1. Theories

2.1.1. Non-ecological

2.1.2. Ecological

3. Art

3.1. Mayan Art

3.1.1. 250CE-900CE

3.1.2. Consisted of inscriptions and architecture

3.1.3. Reflected their culture and lifestyle

3.2. Types of Artwork

3.2.1. Painting on paper

3.2.2. building plaster

3.2.3. stucco molds

3.2.4. stone, wood, clay

3.2.5. terra cotta figurines

3.2.6. funerary pottery

3.3. Metal

3.3.1. scarce usage

3.4. Azul Blue

3.5. Most important for apperance

3.6. Jewelery

3.7. Body Art

3.7.1. Different colors of body paint

3.7.1.1. Priest wore blue, Warriors wore red and black, and the youth wore white

3.7.2. Piercings

4. Agriculture

4.1. Farming

4.1.1. Highlands

4.1.2. Lowlands

4.2. Crops

4.2.1. Maize

4.2.1.1. Preparation of maize

4.2.1.1.1. 3. Dough made into 'tamamles' or 'tortillas'.

4.2.1.1.2. 2. Hominy ground into dough

4.2.2. Beans

4.2.3. Squash

4.2.4. Chile peppers

4.2.5. Sweet manioc

5. Geography/ Topography

5.1. Highlands

5.2. Lowlands

5.2.1. Lakes

5.2.2. Monsoon Forest

5.2.3. Savannas

5.2.4. Thorny Jungle

5.2.5. Animals

5.2.5.1. Deer and wild turkey

5.2.5.2. Spider monkeys and howler mokeys

5.2.5.3. Jaguar

5.2.5.4. Tapir

5.3. Rivers

5.3.1. Usumacinta

5.3.2. Motagua

5.3.3. Belize

5.3.4. New

5.3.5. Río

6. Politics

6.1. Social Hierarchy

6.1.1. Nobles

6.1.2. Commoners

6.1.3. Slaves

6.2. Government

7. Basic History and information

7.1. Dates

7.1.1. 10th millennium BCE

7.1.2. Mayan Time periods

7.1.2.1. Classic period

7.1.2.2. Pre-Classic

7.1.2.3. Post-Classic

7.2. Cities

7.3. Inventions

8. Society

8.1. Class System

8.2. Clothing

8.3. Hygiene

8.4. Marriage

9. Religion

9.1. Gods

9.1.1. Itzamna

9.1.1.1. main god

9.1.1.2. brought his people maize and cacao and taught them script, healing, and the use of calendars

9.1.1.3. Abilites

9.1.2. Kukulcan

9.1.2.1. god of resurrection and reincarnation

9.1.2.2. god of four elements, earth, water fire, air

9.1.3. Chac

9.1.3.1. rain god

9.1.3.2. associated with the wind god, Kukulcan

9.2. Rituals

9.2.1. Sacrifices

9.2.1.1. Bloodletting

9.2.1.2. Small animals were used for smaller requests and big animals were used for more grand rituals.

9.2.1.2.1. Ex: Seventeen jaguars were sacrificed to dedicate a temple altar in the city of Copan.

9.2.2. Reasons

9.2.2.1. maintaining order of society and the balance of the two dimensions

9.2.2.2. Bring rain, increase crops, and dedicate temples and ball courts.

9.3. Ball Courts

9.3.1. Much like modern day basketball

9.3.2. Win/Lose

9.3.3. Size

10. Writing

10.1. Logographic Writing

11. Architecture

11.1. Pyramids

11.1.1. Made of stone and clay

11.1.2. Two types of pyramids

11.1.2.1. Ones that where not meant to be climed

11.1.2.2. Ones that were meant to be climed

11.1.2.2.1. These where used for religious reasons

11.2. Temples

11.2.1. Stone and clay

11.2.2. were important to their ritual value

11.2.3. priest would preform their sacrifical ritual on these temples

11.2.4. Behind the plat form would be a picture of the god of that city

11.3. Houses

11.3.1. Made out of organic material

11.3.1.1. Straw, Mud, Clay, Stone, Wood

12. Economy

13. Creators

13.1. Katie Norchi

13.2. Chelsea Jackson

13.3. Claire Delzell

13.4. Sarah Thompson

14. Bibliography

14.1. Chelsea Jackson

14.2. Claire Delzell