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The Mayans by Mind Map: The Mayans
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The Mayans

CREATORS!!!! Sarah Thompson Katie Norchi Claire Dezell Chelsea Jackson  

maintaining order of society and the balance of the two dimensions

Geography/topography

Central America

Topography

Religion

Gods

Rituals

Ball Courts

Architecture

Pyramids

Temples

Houses

Art

Paintings

Jewelery

Apperance

Body art

Government

Not a unified empire

Priest were the rulers also

hereditary= absolute monarchy

Taxes were paid

Crimes were punished with death

Social Hierarchy

Military

Weapons

Economy

Farmers would give up their crop or salt, honey, cloth, or domestic animals to the government as taxes. Mayan economy was mostly based on agriculture.  They also used these items to trade for other goods. Maize was the crop they most heavily relied on for food. Cash crops, such as cotton and cacao, were also grown. The Maya raised turkeys, guinea pigs, and ducks, and bees were used to produce wax and honey.

Primly crop

Food and agriculture

Farmers were a big part to the economy

TRADE

Writing

Hieroglyphic Writing

Logographic Writing

Logograms are signs that stand for parts of words or, less commonly, whole words.

Technology

Math

Society

Class System

There was a distinct class systen in ancient Maya. There was a distinct difference between the ruling class and the farmer/laborers. But there was also a middle class, they were the educated scribes, artists, and architects.

Clothing

The men wore a coton breethcloth that wrapped around the middle, sometimes  they wore a sleevless shirt that was white or dyed. The woman wore a skirt that sat on their waists, and hair was grown long. The men and woman all wore sandals, and they all painted their body and faces.

Marriage

The maya were noted for personal neatness and they frequently bathed with both hot and cold water

Hygiene

Marriage between the same gender, and within sister or wife was forbidden. No one could marry out of their rank. Marriage was preformed by priests, and concubinage was permitted and divrce was easy.  

Agriculture

Farming

Crops

Crops such as maize, beans, squash, and chile peppers grew well in the highlands, but sweet manoic, along with other root vegetables, was easier to produce in the lowlands.

Basic History and information

Dates

Cities

The large temples were built by the kings. Each time a knew king ruled it added a level to the temples. By the end of the Post-Classic period, these buldings were many stories high. Many of the buldings were also ceremonial centers

Inventions

The Mayas are regarded as inventors of many aspects of Meso-American cultures, including the first calender and heiroglyphic writing in the Western Hemisphere.

The Collapse of the Maya

There is no universally accepted theory to explain the collapse.

Theories

Current theories fall into two catagories. Non-ecological and ecological