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Modal Verbs by Mind Map: Modal Verbs

1. Can

1.1. General ability

1.2. Permission

1.3. Request

1.4. Possibility

1.5. Probability (0%)

1.6. Offer

2. May

2.1. Polite request

2.2. Polite permission

2.3. Prohibition

2.4. Wish

3. Must

3.1. Obligation

3.2. Certainty

3.3. Logical assumptions

3.4. A strong recommendation

4. Should

4.1. Advice

4.2. Prediction

4.3. Less strong obligation

5. Shall

5.1. Suggestion

5.2. Offers / Volunteering to do something

5.3. Instructions

5.4. Promises

5.5. Formal written regulations and rules

6. Would

6.1. Polite invitation

6.2. Describe a prediction

6.3. To not sound impolite when disagreeing with someone

6.4. To describe past habits

7. Have to

7.1. Obligation, necessity

7.2. Deduction, logical assumption

7.3. Advice or recommendation

8. Ought to

8.1. Obligation

8.2. Assumption, probability

8.3. Advice

8.4. Regret and reproach