Human Sciences

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Human Sciences by Mind Map: Human Sciences

1. Scope & Application (Ari)

1.1. Scope

1.1.1. Biological

1.1.1.1. Environmental Studies

1.1.1.2. Psychology

1.1.2. Cultural

1.1.2.1. Anthropology

1.1.2.2. Cultural Studies

1.1.2.3. History

1.1.2.4. Human Geography

1.1.2.5. Law

1.1.3. Social

1.1.3.1. Communication Studies

1.1.3.2. Economics

1.1.3.3. Education

1.1.3.4. International Relations

1.1.3.5. Sociology

1.2. Application

1.2.1. How easy/difficult is it to make predictions in Human Sciences?

1.2.1.1. if humans know how they are supposed to behave, they may behave otherwise.

1.2.1.2. The free willing aspect of the human subject makes it different from other objects

1.2.1.3. The problem of prediction can be dealt with only in regard to a particular human science and its attempt at establishing useful boundary conditions

1.2.1.3.1. "given the following conditions."

1.2.1.3.2. "other things being equal"

1.2.1.4. Some practitioners answer that the aim is to control, rather than leaving matters to chance

1.2.2. Lessons learned through Human Science help us improve society

1.2.3. Human sciences teach us about people. It gives us insights into how people react to things

1.2.4. The natural sciences accumulate verifiable knowledge, on which further knowledge can be built in order to achieve greater understanding, prediction, and control.

1.2.5. The human sciences mainly accumulate increased consciousness—understanding, but without the attributes of the natural sciences other than that of accordance with scientific method.

2. Language & Concepts (Krishiv Pahwa)

2.1. lies

2.1.1. lie to make others perceive us differently/better

2.1.1.1. when we lie we use different language

2.1.1.1.1. liars reference themselves less, disassociate themselves

2.1.1.1.2. liars to tend to me more negative

2.1.1.1.3. use simple language

2.1.1.1.4. convoluted sentence structure

2.2. concepts in h.s

2.2.1. Business studies CriminologyDemography Economics Human geography Law Philosophy Psychology Sociology

2.3. shaping society

2.3.1. form of communicating

2.3.1.1. persuasion

2.3.1.2. convey meaning

2.3.2. sense of identity x community

2.3.2.1. use of

2.3.3. speaking our ideas

2.4. relating ideas to human sciences

2.4.1. biased

2.4.1.1. leading questions

2.4.1.1.1. persuade reader to answer a certain way

2.4.2. placebo effect

2.4.2.1. ns connects to hs

2.4.3. econs

2.4.3.1. bull and bear effect

2.4.4. controlled experiments

2.4.5. case studies

2.4.5.1. perception and language

2.4.6. correlation vs causation

2.5. social learning

2.5.1. evolutionary dilemmas

3. Methodology (Samuel Slorach)

3.1. The human sciences are quite similar to the natural sciences as they also use the scientific method to test how reliable and valid the hypothesis is.

3.1.1. Question

3.1.1.1. construct method of inquiry

3.1.1.1.1. observations

3.1.1.2. Human Science method

3.1.2. NS method

3.1.2.1. Observation

3.1.2.1.1. Question

3.2. Positivist approach

3.2.1. Quantitative

3.2.1.1. Objective

3.2.1.1.1. Repeatable experiments

3.3. interpretive approach

3.3.1. Qualitative (interviews....)

3.3.1.1. Subjective (dependant on the mind)

3.3.1.1.1. Importance of context

3.4. RLE

3.4.1. Economics, psychology......

3.4.2. Economics

4. Historical Development (Rohan Joshi)

4.1. Turns

4.1.1. Understanding

4.1.1.1. Trend which has seen sciences increasingly focused on culture

4.1.1.2. The term "Culture Turn" essentially means a turn in culture

4.1.1.2.1. Controversial topic

4.1.1.3. Post Modernist Philosophy

4.1.1.4. Culture - the arts and other manifestations of human intellectual achievement regarded collectively. (Google dictionary)

4.1.2. Constantly accelerating

4.1.3. Not only relative to science, can exist in other subjects

4.1.4. Paradigm Shifts

4.1.4.1. Academic Scholarships develop in cycles

4.1.4.2. Shifts in theoretical approaches which are regarded as "mainstream"

4.1.4.3. Paradigm Shifts - a fundamental change in approach or underlying assumptions. (Google dictionary)

4.1.5. Impacts

4.1.5.1. Largely emphasises on meaning

4.1.5.2. We live in a world built by human decisions

4.1.5.3. Builds on criticism of the linguistic turn, something which occured in the late 20th century.

4.1.5.4. People are constantly looking for ways to truly accept the world they live in, not happy with the current knowledge they posses

4.2. Researcher

4.2.1. Continue to fall behind

4.2.1.1. Solution?

4.2.1.1.1. Research Objects

4.2.1.2. Problem?

4.2.1.2.1. Scientific community constantly having to change the value system

4.3. Knowledge Turns

4.3.1. Process

4.3.1.1. Furthers our knowledge about the world,

4.3.1.2. Carried out by professionals

4.3.2. Esentially used to satisfy human requirements of understanding the world better

4.4. Methodology Turns

4.4.1. Changes in methods of gaining knowledge

4.4.2. Generally correlated with the advancement of technology

4.4.2.1. As technology rapidly increases, humans have to keep up and make the most of the resources we have in order to gain more knowledge

5. Personal Knowledge (Adhiraj Vallabh)

5.1. What is the nature of the contribution of individuals you know personally to this area, in terms of your experience?

5.1.1. What other people think of us, plays an important role in our psychological being

5.1.1.1. it shapes how we see the world and what kind of person we become

5.1.1.2. It also shapes our personality and gives us a different outlook towards life

5.1.2. Individuals have throughout history contributed in many ways towards Human Sciences

5.1.2.1. The discovery of important biological substances such as hormones, genes, DNA

5.1.2.2. The discovery of different mental illnesses such as psychopathy, ADHD etc.

5.1.3. another Important way in which induviduals have contributed to this AOK is with their own persoanl knowledge

5.1.3.1. People Share their own experiences with the Human sciences

5.1.3.2. These experiences help to build a more indepth understanding of Human Sciences

5.2. What responsibilities rest upon YOU by virtue of YOUR knowledge in this area?

5.2.1. Human Sciences refer to the sciences of sociology, psychology and biology etc. These science play a huge role in our personal lives

5.2.1.1. I personally feel responsible for what I am thinking, what I am feeling and how my mind is set psychologically

5.2.1.2. My own knowledge in this area also makes me feel responsible to be a good influence on other people, knowing how it might effect them psychologically

5.2.2. I further think that I am responsible for what happens to me, biologically and psycologically

5.3. What are the implications of this area of knowledge in terms of YOUR individual perspective?

5.3.1. This area of knowledge makes me think about how I am wired psychologically and biologically

5.3.1.1. How my brain fucntions, why I do what I do?

5.3.1.2. How do something like cells create us humans.

5.3.2. I think that mainly this are wants us to focus on the science that makes a human a human.

5.3.2.1. Also this AOK is there to make us know more about why we do what we do

5.3.2.2. For eg: Psychology as a human science is extremely important as it helps us get insight into the human brain and its thoughts

5.4. Something Else we can add on to this is how have human sciences effected us personally

5.4.1. In our school, sciences like Biology are compulsary until grade 11

5.4.1.1. I got most of my knnowledge through the studying of human sciences in school

5.4.2. I have also taken up Psychology in grade 11

5.4.2.1. This subject helps me to understand why humans behave the way they do.

5.4.3. In my life I have seen how important Human sciences are for us.

5.4.3.1. My parents have always wanted me to have a good understanding about all the Human sciences

5.4.3.1.1. Hence I took up Psychology in grade 11

5.4.4. Without them, we wouldnt have all the information that we have about oursleves.