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Theoretical Perspectives for Child Language Development by Mind Map: Theoretical Perspectives for
Child Language Development
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Theoretical Perspectives for Child Language Development

Behaviorist

Focus: Nurture

Researcher: B.F. Skinner

Operant Conditioning

Aspect of Language Knowledge(s): Symantic, Syntactic, and Morphemic

"...emphasizes the role of “nurture” and considers learning to occur based on the stimuli, responses, and reinforcements that occur in the environment" (Otto, 2010, p. 32)

Otto, B. (2010). Language development in early childhood (3rd ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill.

Cognitive Developmental

Focus: Nature

Researcher: Jean Piaget

Preoperational Stage

Aspect of Language Knowledge(s): Semantic and Morphemic

"language is acquired as maturation occurs and cognitive competencies develop" (Otto, 2010, p. 31)

Otto, B. (2010). Language development in early childhood (3rd ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill.

"...assumes that cognitive development is a 'prerequisite and foundation for language learning'" (Otto, 2010, p. 31)

Otto, B. (2010). Language development in early childhood (3rd ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill.

Nativist

Focus: Nature

Researcher: Noam Chomsky

identified grammatical aspects of language and described the rule systems--universal grammar--"as 'the system of principles, conditions, and rules that are elements or properties of all human languages'” (Otto, 2010, p. 28)

Aspect of Language Knowledge: Syntactic

"...emphasizes inborn or innate human capabilities" (Otto, 2010, p. 28)

Otto, B. (2010). Language development in early childhood (3rd ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill.

"...children learn language by discovering the structure of their language.. by an inborn mechnism specifially for language learning" (Otto, 2010, p. 29)

Otto, B. (2010). Language development in early childhood (3rd ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill.

Interactionist

Focus: Nurture

Researcher(s): Lev Vygotsky, Bruner, & Halliday

Zone of Proximal Develpoment

Scaffolding

Aspect of Language Knowledge: Pragmatic

"...focuses on the primary role of sociocultural interaction in children's development of language knowledge" (Otto, 2010, p. 33)

Otto, B. (2010). Language development in early childhood (3rd ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill.

Children acquire language by interaction and trying to communicate with the world around them

Focuses on the language development process

Roles of Adults and the Environment