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Types of Clauses by Mind Map: Types of Clauses
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Types of Clauses

Main Clause

Has a subject and verb.

Can stand alone as a sentence.

Subordinate Clause

Cannot stand alone as a sentence.

Has a subject and a predicate.

Adjective Clause

A suburdinate clause that modifies a noun or a pronoun.

Use relative pronouns such as: who, whom, whose, that, and which.

Relative pronoun may be dropped at the beginning of an adjective clause.


An adjective clause is sometimes needed to make the meaning of a sentence clear. That is called an essential clause.

New node

A nonessential clause is when an adjective is not absolutely needed in order to express the complete meaning of a sentence.

The relative pronoun that usually introduces an essential; the relative pronoun which introduces a nonessential clause.

Adverb Clause

An adverb clause is a subordinate clause that modifies a verb, an adjective or an adverb.

It tells when, where, how, why, to what extent, or under what condition.

An adverb can come either before a main clause or after it.

Sometimes words may be left out to avoid repetition and awkwardness.

Noun Clause

A noun clause is a subordinate clause used as a noun.

Words that can be used: how, that, what, whatever, when, where, which, whichever, who, whom, whoever, whose, and why.