Biological Molecules

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Biological Molecules by Mind Map: Biological Molecules

1. Lipids

1.1. Phospholipids

1.1.1. Lipid Bilayer

1.2. Steroids

1.2.1. Estrogen

1.2.2. Testosterone

1.2.3. Cholesterol

1.3. Fats

1.3.1. Ester Bonds

1.3.2. Examples

1.3.2.1. Fatty Acids

1.3.2.1.1. Saturated

1.3.2.1.2. Unsaturated

1.3.2.2. Glycerol

2. Proteins

2.1. Amino Acid Monomer

2.2. Examples

2.2.1. Kerartin

2.2.2. Collagen

2.2.3. Insulin

2.3. Convalently Bonded

2.4. Protein Structure

2.4.1. Primary Structure

2.4.2. Secondary Structure

2.4.3. Tertiary Structure

2.4.4. Quaternary Structure

2.5. Enzymes

2.6. Peptides and Polypeptides

3. Carbohydrates

3.1. Monosaccharides

3.1.1. Glucose

3.2. Disaccharides

3.2.1. Sucrose

3.2.2. Glycosidic bond

3.3. Polysaccharides

3.3.1. Starch

3.3.2. Glycoden

3.3.3. Celluose

3.3.4. Chitin

3.4. Oligosaccharides

3.4.1. Covalently Bonded

3.5. Instant energy source

4. Nucleic Acids

4.1. RNA

4.1.1. Single Stranded

4.1.2. Guanine, Cytosine, Adenine, Uracil

4.1.3. Protein Synthesis

4.2. DNA

4.2.1. 2 Chains

4.2.2. Guanine, Cytosine, Adenine, Thymine

4.2.3. Chromosones

4.2.3.1. Genes

4.3. Nucleotide Monomers

4.3.1. Pyrimidines

4.3.1.1. Cytosine

4.3.1.2. Uracil

4.3.2. Purines

4.3.2.1. Adenine

4.3.2.2. Guanine

4.3.3. Phosphodiester Linkages

4.3.4. Covalent Bond