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Introduction to Sociology by Mind Map: Introduction to Sociology
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Introduction to Sociology

What is Sociology?

very broad subject

social organizations, social forms

human behavior

patterns

historical context

social contexts

human lifestyles

center of reflection of social sciences, the study of the whole

Economy

political process

political institutions

culture

logical and scientific link by which all our natural observations are whole

how groups of people interact

any size groups

religion

ethnic groups

club

profession, etc..

dynamics of society

human behavior within a social framework

sociological imagination

key element is the ability to view one's own society as an outsider would, rather than only from the perspective of personal experiences and cultural biases.

allows us to go beyond personal experiences and observations to understand broader issues

look beyond a limited understanding of human behavior to see the world and its people in a new way and through a broader lens than we might otherwise use.

an awareness of the relationship between an individual and the wider society, both today and in the past.

the scientific study of social behavior and human groups

5 Basic Traditions of Concern in Sociology

Culture

What society gives to individuals, how it binds them together

how society shapes us

Interaction

how individuals are shaped by dealing with the demands of others

how individuals are shaped by dealing with the demands of society

effects on attitudes

interaction with those around us

none of us live in isolation

Demography

population increasing or decreasing

kinds of people leaving areas and coming into areas

where people are coming from or leaving for

who is going to show up, and from where

Stratification

who gets what, how much, and why

social class

economics

carl marx

Organization

obtaining power, by obtaining resources, by gaining control

powerless to bind themselves together

businesses

religion

What is Sociological Theory?

identifying the social forces that affect...

attempts to expalin events, forces, materials, ideas, or behavior in a comprehensive manner

a set of statements that seeks to explain problemss, actions, or behavior

The Development of Sociology

Auguste Comte

1798-1857

French

Feared that the excesses of the French Revolution had permanently impaired France's stability.

Hoped that the systematic study of social behavior would eventually lead to more rational human interactions

coined the term sociology

Harriet Martineau

1802-1876

English

Observations of customs and social practices of both Britain and the US

Book: Society in America, religion, politics, child rearing, immigration, social class distinctions, gender, race

emphasized the impact that the economy, law, trade, health, and population could have on social problems, Activist, women's rights, religious tolerance, emancipation of slaves