The French Revolution

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The French Revolution by Mind Map: The French Revolution

1. National Assembly (1789-1791) Louis XVI did not want a written constitution ( limits on power) when news of his plan to use military force against the National Assembly reached Paris on July 14, 1789, people stormed to the Bastille.

2. The Guillotine was invented in

3. Constitution of 1791 Democratically, France became a limited monarchy, the king became the head of state. All laws were created by the Legislative Assembly. Voting was limited to taxpayers and offices were reserved for property owners. This new government became known as the Legislative Assembly

4. Legislative Assembly (1791-1792) Royal family sought up help from Austria. Nobles who fled the revolution lived abroad as emigres. They hoped that with the foreign help the old regime could be restored in France.

5. Convention (1792-1795) On September 22,1792 the convention met for the first time. Established the first French Republic Faced domestic opposition and stife. Girondists were moderates who represented the middle class of provinces. Jacobins ( led by Marat , Danton and Robes Pierre) represented workers.

6. Major Economic Depression (1787-1789) The economy in France turned for the worst, King Louis XVI would spend mass amounts of money, along with his wife Marie Attoinette. The King was not keeping order, justice and harmony in France. Drought took place which damaged crops and put many people into unemployment. The National Treasury went bankrupt.

7. Tennis Court Oath The third estate and some other citizens from other estates declared to be "National Assembly" after they were pushed to the edge. The National Assembly vowed to never separate until their rules were governed, The Tennis Court Oath. The King called for a Estates-General meeting but Louis locked the "National Assembly" out of the Estates-General meeting when they showed up.

8. Abolishment of the monarchy The convection abolished the monarchy. As long as the royal family lived, the monarchy could be restored. Louis XVI was guillotined on Jan 21,1793 Marie Antoinette was guillotined on Oct 16,1793. Daughter Marie-Therese was allowed to go to Vienna in 1795. But she could not become queen because of the Salic law, which did not allow females to succeed to the throne.

9. Reign of Terror (September 5, 1793- July 27,1794) Robespierre and the Jacobins focused on addressing the economic and political threats within France. What began as an approach to reclaim the nation quickly turned into a bloody mess. Those accused of treason were tried by the Committee's Revolutionary Tribunal. Approximately 15,000 people died on the guillotine, which then became known as the "National Razor" Which included thinkers like Olympe de Gouges and Madame Jeanne Roland.

10. End Of Reign Of Terror Members of the Grondist political party tried to end the reign of terror initiated by the Jabobin political party. This opposition to the committee of public safety caused many Grondists to be tried and executed for treason. Eventually even Georges Danton wanted to end the executions. Thermidorean Reaction July 27,1794 ended the reign of terror. convention sent Robespierre and other members of committee of public safety to the guillotine. Robespierre was guillotined on July 28,1794.

11. 1804 Napoleon is declared emperor of France.