Physical Patterns in Geogrephy

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Physical Patterns in Geogrephy by Mind Map: Physical Patterns in Geogrephy

1. Landform patterns

1.1. Active Volcanoes

1.1.1. Active volcanoes are the volcanoes that are active. Then what is a volcano that is active? The volcano that is active means a volcano that will erupt anytime. All the volcanoes are around the RING OF FIRE.

1.1.1.1. The Ring of Fire: The Ring of fire is at Pacific Ocean. All the volcanoes and Earthquake happens at the Ring of Fire.

1.2. Fold Mountains

1.2.1. Fold Mountain is the mountain that has been formed by two plates folding together. At Fold Mountain, you can find a lot of fossils if you dig at Fold Mountains, because the two plates that form Fold Mountains are mostly undersea plates or the plate that HAS been undersea.

1.3. Plains and Lowlands

1.3.1. Plains and lowlands is exactly the same as they sound like, they ARE plains and lowlands, it is usually farms at plains and lowlands.

1.4. Ancient Shield Regions

1.4.1. Ancient Shield region is the region that has a lot of rock surrounding them, that's why it is called a "Shield" region. Ancient shield region is a region that made out of igneous and metameric rocks. Canadian Shield is one of the famous shield regions.

1.5. River System

1.5.1. Rivers and Valleys

1.5.1.1. Valleys are created by river. As a river going through some place, it erodes the earth and wash away the rocks, and day after day, a valley is formed by the eroding earth.

1.5.2. River patterns

1.5.2.1. Drainage Pattern

1.5.2.1.1. Drainage pattern is the river system that is spread out like tree roots.

1.5.2.2. Trellis Pattern

1.5.2.2.1. Trellis pattern is the pattern that is like tic tac toe.

1.6. Types of Rock for the land form pattern

1.6.1. Metameric Rock

1.6.1.1. Metameric rocks are the rock that is formed by pressure and Extreme temperature. You can find these kinds of rock at Fold Mountains and shield regions.

1.6.2. Igneous Rock

1.6.2.1. Igneous rock is the rock that is form after a volcano erupts, it is formed by lava. You can find them at Fold Mountains and shield regions.

1.6.3. Sedimentary Rock

1.6.3.1. A sedimentary rock is the rock that is form by rivers, they usually have a wave pattern on it because years of washing in the water. You can find sedimentary rock at plains and lowlands and fold mountains.

2. Nature Disasters

2.1. Typhoon

2.1.1. Typhoon is the wind that blows EXTREMELY hard. It is formed by warm air rising from the sea and meet cold air on the clouds, and then a wind comes, warm air start spiraling out side and the cold air spiraling inside, and that how a typhoon forms.

2.2. Blizzards

2.2.1. Blizzards are heavy snowstorms; the snow in a blizzard is really much. It can even bury people in side of the snow!

2.3. Tsunami

2.3.1. Tsunami is the waves that come from sea, except it is really destructive. Tsunami is caused by undersea earthquakes, the earthquake's shockwave force the wave to go to other place. That is how a tsunami formed.

2.4. Earthquakes

2.4.1. Earthquake is a shockwave that comes from ground, there is earthquake every minute, but only except it is really small earthquake that you won't even notice when it is happening. But earthquake can be really destructive too, it can destroy houses by only on shock wave when the situation going extreme. Earthquake can also causes tsunami too.

2.5. Volcanic eruption

2.5.1. Volcanic eruption is basically the volcano going erupt, it is pretty destructive because of the lava, it also changes the weather when it is going to erupt. Cool thing isn't it?

2.6. Tornado

2.6.1. Tornado is winds that goes spiral, it is formed by hot air meeting cold air on lands, then the hot air start spiraling outside and the cold air start spiraling inside that makes a tornado happens.

2.7. Tidal waves

2.7.1. Tidal waves are the waves that are dragged by the moon power, it is like tsunami but it is not as destructive.

3. Climate

3.1. Factors of Climate

3.1.1. Latitude

3.1.1.1. Latitudes are a very important factor to the climates, because if your country is at southern hemisphere, it mostly will be hotter than northern hemisphere because most of the sunlight shines at southern hemisphere.

3.1.2. Moving air

3.1.2.1. Moving air is another important factor to climate, moving air is basically wind. Why do I say it is really affective to the climate? Because desert climate is mostly created by moving air, think of it, wind takes sand to an area, day after day, a desert climate formed

3.1.3. Water bodies

3.1.3.1. Water bodies are the place that has a lot of water, like Ontario Lake. Water bodies affect climate like this: where a place have a lot of water bodies surround them, it mostly is a tropical climate there because it will be a lot of rainfalls.

3.1.4. Mountains

3.1.4.1. Mountains affect the Climate, imagine a place surrounded by mountains, that place will defiantly not be a desert climate because no wind can take sand goes in the mountain

3.1.5. Ocean Currents

3.1.5.1. Ocean Currents are the movement of water, imagine that the water move towards south, then that means there will be more rain at the southern area and the air will be moist at southern area.

3.2. Polar Climate

3.2.1. Polar climate is the climate that is really really cold, it is usually near the south pole and north pole,

3.3. Tropical Climate

3.3.1. Tropical climate is the climate that has a lot of rainfalls that makes there a lot of rainforest.

3.4. Temperate Climate

3.4.1. Perth in Australia is the only place you can find temperate climate, why? Because a beam of sunlight hit directly there, that make our winter there summer!

3.5. Desert Climate

3.5.1. Desert climate is basically desert, it is formed by moving are and latitude, at that place, the sun hit directly to there, so it is really hoy, and the moving air(wind) carries sand with them and drop them at that certain area. And so that is how a desert formed

3.6. Maritime Climate

3.6.1. Maritime climate is a climate that is cold but not cold outside, it is formed like that because it is near large (not huge) bodies of water.

3.7. Continental Climate

3.7.1. A continental climate is the climate that has hot summer and cold winter. It is drier than a maritime climate. It is form by NO water bodies around them.

3.8. Mountain Climate

3.8.1. Mountain climate is the climate at mountains; it is basically everywhere that has mountains. The back side of the mountain will be much cooler then the side that is facing the sun.

4. Agriculture

4.1. Subsitence Farming

4.1.1. Subsitence farming is to farm for themselfes, they are the farmers that don't provide foods out to the people, they only provides foods to their family. So subsitence farming won't have a lot of foods, only foods that will keep them survive.

4.2. Commercial Farming

4.2.1. Commercial farming is the farming that will have multiple of products, this type of farming will provides us most of the foods, each year, commercial farmers provides us a huge number of foods!

4.3. Specialized Farming

4.3.1. Specialized farming is the farming that only plant one particular thing, it might seemed silly, but it is not, imagine how much cotten we need to make our clothes each year. we are not going to have enough cottons if we don't have specialized farmers, they might only provides us only one thing, but a huge number, a dairy farm is one of the most popular specialized farming.

4.4. Best Climate for Seeding

4.4.1. The best climate for seeding is the climate that have a lot of rain, like a tropical climate. The climate like that makes the soil very fertile.

4.5. Best Soil for Seeding

4.5.1. The best soil for seeding will be the most fertile ones. But how do you know if a soil is fertile or not? The darker the soil, the more nutrient in it, that means it is more fertile.